Energy management in sustainable smart manufacturing

Farhad Anvari*, Hari Agung Yuniarto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Total Equipment Sustainability (TES) is a novel model to address the current challenge of a distinct lack of a comprehensive framework for measuring equipment sustainability. It comprises all potential aspects of equipment, manufacturing processes, energy and environment. It provides a sound perspective on improvement to sustainability and can be used as a benchmark and tool to promote energy and environmental awareness in the factory.

Industry 4.0 can offer many essential opportunities to advance energy efficiency and sustainability of manufacturing in smart factories. This paper investigates these benefits and suggests a novel and enabling architecture to measure and improve all technical dimensions of equipment sustainability. The architecture involves an integrated, intelligent and dynamic network based on Industry 4.0 and facilitates TES implementation.

TES applies a structured data framework within smart factories derived from Cyber-Physical Systems, Internet of Things and the cloud computing to facilitate the measure of how efficiently equipment consumes energy and contributes to sustainability compared to its full potential. It shows how much equipment is environment friendly.

TES covers both features of energy and environment and considers energy losses, thermodynamic efficiency, renewables, greenhouse gas emissions, recyclables and water use for the entire life cycle of all products and machines.

International trade of industrial products creates a global flow of virtual energy, gas emissions and water. Applying TES in smart factories makes this concept clearer and implies concern for the reasonable sharing of the costs and benefits of the flow and participatory attitudes to develop sustainable policies and effective strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalEnergy Perspectives
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020


  • sustainability
  • energy management
  • equipment
  • manufacturing
  • industry 4.0
  • smart factory


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