Emission quantification of refrigerant CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs in megacity Lahore (Pakistan) and contributed ODPs and GWPs

Zia Ul-Haq, Muhammad Ali, Syeda Adila Batool, Salman Tariq, Zermina Qayyum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An integrated assessment of emissions of some important refrigerant ozone depleting substances (ODSs) (CFC-11, CFC-12, HCFC-141b and HFC-134a) and their contributed ozone depletion potentials (ODPs) and global warming potentials (GWPs) have been made in the megacity Lahore (Pakistan) for the period from 2005 to 2013. During the production of 6.488 million refrigerator units, the cumulative estimated emissions of CFC-11, CFC-12, HCFC-141b and HFC-134a were 129.7, 6.8, 1257 and 104 mega grams (1 Mg = 106 grams). The estimated GWP (CO2-eq) and ODP (CFC 11-eq) associated with production phase emissions of these four gases were 616.07, 73.52, 910.96, and 87.36 kilotonnes, and 129.7, 6.8, 139.4, and 0 tonnes, respectively. ODP of HFC-134a is considered to be zero. In addition, the repair and maintenance of 81.2 thousand units resulted in 10.8 Mg emissions of CFC-12 with 10.8 tonnes ODP(CFC 11-eq) and 117,802 tonnes GWP (CO2-eq) that were higher than the HFC-134a emissions recorded at 4.3 Mg causing 4563 tonnes GWP(CO2-eq). A decrease in ODP (CFC 11-eq) and GWP (CO2-eq) at the rate of −8.3% and −8.2% per year is observed to be contributed by all the selected ODSs during the study period.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1273–1284
JournalJournal of Earth System Science
Volume125
Issue number6
Early online date12 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

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hydrochlorofluorocarbon
hydrofluorocarbon
megacity
CFC
global warming
ozone
repair and maintenance
ozone depletion potential
refrigerant
gas

Cite this

Ul-Haq, Zia ; Ali, Muhammad ; Batool, Syeda Adila ; Tariq, Salman ; Qayyum, Zermina. / Emission quantification of refrigerant CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs in megacity Lahore (Pakistan) and contributed ODPs and GWPs. In: Journal of Earth System Science. 2016 ; Vol. 125, No. 6. pp. 1273–1284.
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Emission quantification of refrigerant CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs in megacity Lahore (Pakistan) and contributed ODPs and GWPs. / Ul-Haq, Zia ; Ali, Muhammad ; Batool, Syeda Adila ; Tariq, Salman; Qayyum, Zermina.

In: Journal of Earth System Science, Vol. 125, No. 6, 12.08.2016, p. 1273–1284.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Emission quantification of refrigerant CFCs, HCFCs and HFCs in megacity Lahore (Pakistan) and contributed ODPs and GWPs

AU - Ul-Haq, Zia

AU - Ali, Muhammad

AU - Batool, Syeda Adila

AU - Tariq, Salman

AU - Qayyum, Zermina

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AB - An integrated assessment of emissions of some important refrigerant ozone depleting substances (ODSs) (CFC-11, CFC-12, HCFC-141b and HFC-134a) and their contributed ozone depletion potentials (ODPs) and global warming potentials (GWPs) have been made in the megacity Lahore (Pakistan) for the period from 2005 to 2013. During the production of 6.488 million refrigerator units, the cumulative estimated emissions of CFC-11, CFC-12, HCFC-141b and HFC-134a were 129.7, 6.8, 1257 and 104 mega grams (1 Mg = 106 grams). The estimated GWP (CO2-eq) and ODP (CFC 11-eq) associated with production phase emissions of these four gases were 616.07, 73.52, 910.96, and 87.36 kilotonnes, and 129.7, 6.8, 139.4, and 0 tonnes, respectively. ODP of HFC-134a is considered to be zero. In addition, the repair and maintenance of 81.2 thousand units resulted in 10.8 Mg emissions of CFC-12 with 10.8 tonnes ODP(CFC 11-eq) and 117,802 tonnes GWP (CO2-eq) that were higher than the HFC-134a emissions recorded at 4.3 Mg causing 4563 tonnes GWP(CO2-eq). A decrease in ODP (CFC 11-eq) and GWP (CO2-eq) at the rate of −8.3% and −8.2% per year is observed to be contributed by all the selected ODSs during the study period.

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