Efficient removal of Cd(II) using SiO2-Mg(OH)2 nanocomposites derived from sepiolite

Zhendong He, Bozhi Ren*, Andrew Hursthouse, Zhenghua Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

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1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

The pollution of Cadmium (Cd) species in natural water has attracted more and more attention due to its high cumulative toxicity. In the search for improved removal of cadmium from contaminated water we characterized uptake on a recently identified nanomaterial (SiO2-Mg(OH)2) obtained by subjecting sepiolite to acid-base modification. The structural characteristics of SiO2-Mg(OH)2 were analyzed by means of SEM-EDS, FTIR and PXRD. Static adsorption experiments were carried out to evaluate the effect of contact time, temperature, amount of adsorbent, and pH-value on the adsorption of Cd(II) by SiO2-Mg(OH)2. The results show that the pore structure of SiO2-Mg(OH)2 is well developed,with specific surface area, pore size and pore volume increased by 60.09%, 16.76%, and 43.59%, respectively compared to natural sepiolite. After modification, the sepiolite substrate adsorbs Cd(II) following pseudo-second-order kinetics and a Langmuir surface adsorption model, suggesting both chemical and physical adsorption. At 298K, the maximum saturated adsorption capacity fitted by Sips model of SiO2-Mg(OH)2 regarding Cd(II) is 121.23 mg/g. The results show that SiO2-Mg(OH)2 nanocomposite has efficient adsorption performance, which is expected to be a remediation agent for heavy metal cadmium polluted wastewater.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2223
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume17
Issue number7
Early online date26 Mar 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • cadmium
  • composite modification
  • nanomaterials
  • sepiolite
  • adsoprtion

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  • Activities

    • 1 Types of Award - Fellowship awarded competitively

    High End Expert Scholarship – Hunan Regional Government

    Andrew Hursthouse (Recipient)

    20162019

    Activity: OtherTypes of Award - Fellowship awarded competitively

    Prizes

    Liancheng Friendship Award of Xiangtan City, Hunan.

    Hursthouse, Andrew (Recipient), 12 Dec 2017

    Prize: Prize (including medals and awards)

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