Effects on obese women of the sugar sucrose added to the diet over 28 d: a quasi-randomised, single-blind, controlled trial

Marie Reid, Richard Hammersley, Maresa Duffy, Carrie Ballantyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To investigate whether obese women can compensate for sucrose added to the diet when it is given blind, rather than gaining weight or exhibiting dysfunctional regulation of intake, in the present study, forty-one healthy obese (BMI 30 – 35 kg/m2) women (age 20 – 50 years),not currently dieting, were randomly assigned to consume sucrose (n20) or aspartame (n21) drinks over 4 weeks in a parallel single-blind design. Over the 4 weeks, one group consumed 4£250 ml sucrose drinks (total 1800 kJ/d) and the other group consumed 4£250 ml aspartame drinks. During the baseline week and experimental weeks, body weight and other biometric data were measured and steps per day, food intake using 7 d unweighed food diaries, and mood using ten- or seven-point Likert scales four times a day were recorded.
At the end of the experiment, the participants weighed 1·72 (SE
0·47) kg less than the value predicted by the National Institute of Diabetes
and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) model; the predicted body weight accounted for 94·3 % of the variance in the observed bodyweight and experimental group accounted for a further 1·1 % of the variance in the observed body weight, showing that women consuming sucrose drinks gained significantly less weight than predicted. The reported daily energy intake did not increase significantly, and sucrose supplements significantly reduced the reported voluntary sugar, starch and fat intake compared with aspartame. There were no effects on appetite or mood. Over 4 weeks, as part of everyday eating, sucrose given blind in soft drinks was partially compensated for by obese women, as in previous experiments with healthy and overweight participants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-570
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume111
Issue number3
Early online date25 Oct 2013
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sucrose
Aspartame
Diet
Body Weight
Eating
Carbonated Beverages
Diet Records
Weights and Measures
Kidney Diseases
Appetite
Energy Intake
Starch
Healthy Volunteers
Fats

Cite this

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title = "Effects on obese women of the sugar sucrose added to the diet over 28 d: a quasi-randomised, single-blind, controlled trial",
abstract = "To investigate whether obese women can compensate for sucrose added to the diet when it is given blind, rather than gaining weight or exhibiting dysfunctional regulation of intake, in the present study, forty-one healthy obese (BMI 30 – 35 kg/m2) women (age 20 – 50 years),not currently dieting, were randomly assigned to consume sucrose (n20) or aspartame (n21) drinks over 4 weeks in a parallel single-blind design. Over the 4 weeks, one group consumed 4£250 ml sucrose drinks (total 1800 kJ/d) and the other group consumed 4£250 ml aspartame drinks. During the baseline week and experimental weeks, body weight and other biometric data were measured and steps per day, food intake using 7 d unweighed food diaries, and mood using ten- or seven-point Likert scales four times a day were recorded.At the end of the experiment, the participants weighed 1·72 (SE0·47) kg less than the value predicted by the National Institute of Diabetesand Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) model; the predicted body weight accounted for 94·3 {\%} of the variance in the observed bodyweight and experimental group accounted for a further 1·1 {\%} of the variance in the observed body weight, showing that women consuming sucrose drinks gained significantly less weight than predicted. The reported daily energy intake did not increase significantly, and sucrose supplements significantly reduced the reported voluntary sugar, starch and fat intake compared with aspartame. There were no effects on appetite or mood. Over 4 weeks, as part of everyday eating, sucrose given blind in soft drinks was partially compensated for by obese women, as in previous experiments with healthy and overweight participants.",
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Effects on obese women of the sugar sucrose added to the diet over 28 d : a quasi-randomised, single-blind, controlled trial. / Reid, Marie; Hammersley, Richard; Duffy, Maresa; Ballantyne, Carrie.

In: British Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 111, No. 3, 25.10.2013, p. 563-570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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