Effects of single bout of very high-intensity exercise on metabolic health biomarkers in overweight/obese sedentary men

Laura J. Whyte, Carrie Ferguson, John Wilson, Robert A. Scott, Jason M.R. Gill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PurposeThis study aimed to investigate the effects of a single session of sprint interval training (SIT) and a single extended sprint (ES), matched for total work, on metabolic health biomarkers.
Methods Ten overweight/obese men aged 26.9 +/- 6.2years participated. Following a pre-trial incremental exercise test and SIT familiarization, each participant undertook three 2-day trials in randomized order. On Day 1 participants either undertook no exercise (CON), four maximal 30-s sprints, with 4.5min recovery between each (SIT), or a single maximal extended sprint (ES) matched with SIT for work done. On Day 2, participants had a fasting blood sample taken, undertook an oral glucose tolerance test to determine insulin sensitivity index ((SI), and had blood pressure measured.
ResultsTotal work done during exercise did not differ between SIT and ES (61.7 +/- 2.9 vs. 61.3 +/- 2.8 kJ; p=0.741). Mean power was higher in SIT than ES (518 +/- 21 vs. 306 +/- 16 W, p<0.0005), resulting in a shorter high-intensity exercise duration in SIT (120 +/- 0 vs. 198 +/- 10 s, p<0.0005). ISI was 44.6% higher following ES than CON (9.4 +/- 2.1 vs. 6.5 +/- 1.3; p=0.022), but did not differ significantly between SIT and CON (6.6 +/- 0.9 vs. 6.5 +/- 1.3; p=0.208). However, on the day following exercise fat oxidation in the fasted state was increased by 63% and 38%, compared to CON, in SIT and ES, respectively (p<0.05 for both), with a concomitant reduction in carbohydrate oxidation (p<0.05).
ConclusionA single ES, which may represent a more time-efficient alternative to SIT, can increase insulin sensitivity and increase fat oxidation in overweight overweight/obese sedentary men.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-219
Number of pages8
JournalMetabolism - Clinical and Experimental
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Sprint interval training
  • High intensity interval training
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Obesity
  • Fat oxidation

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