Effects of exercise intensity on postexercise hypotension after resistance training session in overweight hypertensive patients

Paula Andrea M. Cavalcante, Roberta L. Rica, Alexandre L. Evangelista, Andrey J. Serra, Aylton, Jr. Figueira, Francisco Luciano, Jr. Pontes, Lon Kilgore, Julien S. Baker, Danilo S. Bocalini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Among all nonpharmacological treatments, aerobic or resistance training (RT) has been indicated as a significantly important strategy to control hypertension. However, postexercise hypotension responses after intensity alterations in RT are not yet fully understood. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of differing intensities of RT on hypertensive older women. Twenty hypertensive older women participated voluntarily in this study. After a maximum voluntary contraction test (one repetition maximum) and determination of 40% and 80% experimental loads, the protocol (3 sets/90 '' interset rest) was performed in a single session with the following exercises: leg press, leg extension, leg curl, chest press, elbow flexion, elbow extension, upper back row, and abdominal flexion. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were evaluated at rest, during exercise peak, and after 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes of exercise and compared to the control. Both experimental loads were effective (P<0.01) in promoting postexercise systolic hypotension (mmHg) compared to controls, after 30, 45, and 60 minutes, respectively, at 40% (113 +/- 2, 112 +/- 4, and 110 +/- 3 mmHg) and 80% (111 +/- 3, 111 +/- 4, and 110 +/- 4 mmHg). Both procedures promoted hypotension with similar systolic blood pressures (40%: -11%+/- 1.0% and 80%: -13%+/- 0.5%), mean arterial blood pressures (40%: -12%+/- 5.5% and 80%: -12%+/- 3.4%), and rate-pressure products (40%: -15%+/- 2.1% and 80%: -17%+/- 2.4%) compared to control measures (systolic blood pressure: 1%+/- 1%, mean arterial blood pressure: 0.6%+/- 1.5%, rate-pressure product: 0.33%+/- 1.1%). No differences were found in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate measures. In conclusion, hypertensive older women exhibit postexercise hypotension independently of exercise intensity without expressed cardiovascular overload during the session.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1487-1495
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • resistive training
  • postexercise hypotension
  • aging
  • hypertension

Cite this

Cavalcante, P. A. M., Rica, R. L., Evangelista, A. L., Serra, A. J., Figueira, A. J., Pontes, F. L. J., ... Bocalini, D. S. (2015). Effects of exercise intensity on postexercise hypotension after resistance training session in overweight hypertensive patients. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 10, 1487-1495. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S79625
Cavalcante, Paula Andrea M. ; Rica, Roberta L. ; Evangelista, Alexandre L. ; Serra, Andrey J. ; Figueira, Aylton, Jr. ; Pontes, Francisco Luciano, Jr. ; Kilgore, Lon ; Baker, Julien S. ; Bocalini, Danilo S. / Effects of exercise intensity on postexercise hypotension after resistance training session in overweight hypertensive patients. In: Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2015 ; Vol. 10. pp. 1487-1495.
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Cavalcante, PAM, Rica, RL, Evangelista, AL, Serra, AJ, Figueira, AJ, Pontes, FLJ, Kilgore, L, Baker, JS & Bocalini, DS 2015, 'Effects of exercise intensity on postexercise hypotension after resistance training session in overweight hypertensive patients' Clinical Interventions in Aging, vol. 10, pp. 1487-1495. https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S79625

Effects of exercise intensity on postexercise hypotension after resistance training session in overweight hypertensive patients. / Cavalcante, Paula Andrea M.; Rica, Roberta L.; Evangelista, Alexandre L.; Serra, Andrey J.; Figueira, Aylton, Jr.; Pontes, Francisco Luciano, Jr.; Kilgore, Lon; Baker, Julien S.; Bocalini, Danilo S.

In: Clinical Interventions in Aging, Vol. 10, 2015, p. 1487-1495.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of exercise intensity on postexercise hypotension after resistance training session in overweight hypertensive patients

AU - Cavalcante, Paula Andrea M.

AU - Rica, Roberta L.

AU - Evangelista, Alexandre L.

AU - Serra, Andrey J.

AU - Figueira, Aylton, Jr.

AU - Pontes, Francisco Luciano, Jr.

AU - Kilgore, Lon

AU - Baker, Julien S.

AU - Bocalini, Danilo S.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Among all nonpharmacological treatments, aerobic or resistance training (RT) has been indicated as a significantly important strategy to control hypertension. However, postexercise hypotension responses after intensity alterations in RT are not yet fully understood. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of differing intensities of RT on hypertensive older women. Twenty hypertensive older women participated voluntarily in this study. After a maximum voluntary contraction test (one repetition maximum) and determination of 40% and 80% experimental loads, the protocol (3 sets/90 '' interset rest) was performed in a single session with the following exercises: leg press, leg extension, leg curl, chest press, elbow flexion, elbow extension, upper back row, and abdominal flexion. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were evaluated at rest, during exercise peak, and after 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes of exercise and compared to the control. Both experimental loads were effective (P<0.01) in promoting postexercise systolic hypotension (mmHg) compared to controls, after 30, 45, and 60 minutes, respectively, at 40% (113 +/- 2, 112 +/- 4, and 110 +/- 3 mmHg) and 80% (111 +/- 3, 111 +/- 4, and 110 +/- 4 mmHg). Both procedures promoted hypotension with similar systolic blood pressures (40%: -11%+/- 1.0% and 80%: -13%+/- 0.5%), mean arterial blood pressures (40%: -12%+/- 5.5% and 80%: -12%+/- 3.4%), and rate-pressure products (40%: -15%+/- 2.1% and 80%: -17%+/- 2.4%) compared to control measures (systolic blood pressure: 1%+/- 1%, mean arterial blood pressure: 0.6%+/- 1.5%, rate-pressure product: 0.33%+/- 1.1%). No differences were found in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate measures. In conclusion, hypertensive older women exhibit postexercise hypotension independently of exercise intensity without expressed cardiovascular overload during the session.

AB - Among all nonpharmacological treatments, aerobic or resistance training (RT) has been indicated as a significantly important strategy to control hypertension. However, postexercise hypotension responses after intensity alterations in RT are not yet fully understood. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of differing intensities of RT on hypertensive older women. Twenty hypertensive older women participated voluntarily in this study. After a maximum voluntary contraction test (one repetition maximum) and determination of 40% and 80% experimental loads, the protocol (3 sets/90 '' interset rest) was performed in a single session with the following exercises: leg press, leg extension, leg curl, chest press, elbow flexion, elbow extension, upper back row, and abdominal flexion. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were evaluated at rest, during exercise peak, and after 5, 10, 15, 30, 45, and 60 minutes of exercise and compared to the control. Both experimental loads were effective (P<0.01) in promoting postexercise systolic hypotension (mmHg) compared to controls, after 30, 45, and 60 minutes, respectively, at 40% (113 +/- 2, 112 +/- 4, and 110 +/- 3 mmHg) and 80% (111 +/- 3, 111 +/- 4, and 110 +/- 4 mmHg). Both procedures promoted hypotension with similar systolic blood pressures (40%: -11%+/- 1.0% and 80%: -13%+/- 0.5%), mean arterial blood pressures (40%: -12%+/- 5.5% and 80%: -12%+/- 3.4%), and rate-pressure products (40%: -15%+/- 2.1% and 80%: -17%+/- 2.4%) compared to control measures (systolic blood pressure: 1%+/- 1%, mean arterial blood pressure: 0.6%+/- 1.5%, rate-pressure product: 0.33%+/- 1.1%). No differences were found in diastolic blood pressure and heart rate measures. In conclusion, hypertensive older women exhibit postexercise hypotension independently of exercise intensity without expressed cardiovascular overload during the session.

KW - resistive training

KW - postexercise hypotension

KW - aging

KW - hypertension

U2 - 10.2147/CIA.S79625

DO - 10.2147/CIA.S79625

M3 - Article

VL - 10

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EP - 1495

JO - Clinical Interventions in Aging

JF - Clinical Interventions in Aging

SN - 1176-9092

ER -