Effects of elastic band plyometric training on physical performance of team handball players

Ghaith Aloui, Souhail Hermassi*, Lawrence D. Hayes, Roy J. Shephard, Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly, René Schwesig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
48 Downloads (Pure)


This project investigated the effect of incorporating 8 weeks of biweekly upper limb loaded plyometric training (using elastic bands) into the in-season regimen of handball players. Participants were randomly allocated to a control group (CG) (n = 15, age = 18.1 ± 0.5 years, body mass = 73.7 ± 13.9 kg), or an experimental group (EG) (n = 14, age = 17.7 ± 0.3 years, body mass = 76.8 ± 10.7 kg). The measurements obtained pre-and post-intervention included a cycle ergometer force–velocity test, ball throwing velocity in three types of throwing, one-repetition maximum (1-RM) bench press and pull-over, and anthropometric estimates of the upper limb muscle volumes. The EG improved in absolute muscle power (W) (∆23.3%; interaction effect p = 0.032 more than pre-intervention), relative muscle power (W·kg −1) (∆22.3%; interaction effect p = 0.024), and all three types of ball throwing (∆18.6%, interaction effect p = 0.019 on a jumping shot; ∆18.6%, interaction effect p = 0.017 on a three-step running throw; and ∆19.1%, interaction effect p = 0.046 on a standing throw). There was no interaction effect for the 1-RM bench press and pull-over performance. The upper limb muscle volumes remained unchanged in both groups. We concluded that adding biweekly elastic band plyometric training to standard training improves the muscle power and throwing velocity. Accordingly, such exercises should be adopted as a part of a pragmatic approach to handball training.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1309
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021


  • stretch-shortening cycle
  • peak power
  • plyometric with load
  • team sports
  • throwing


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