Effects of a competitive season on autonomic heart rate modulation in field soccer athletes

João Marcelo de Queiroz Miranda, Roberta Luksevicius Rica, Welmo Alacantara Barbosa, Adriano Fortes Maia, Marco Bergamin, Vitor Engracia Valenti, Julien Steven Baker, Guilherme Lemos Shimojo, Jonato Prestes, Whitley J. Stone, Danilo S. Bocalini, Rogerio Brandao Wichi

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Abstract

The physical demands of soccer combined with the rigor of the competitive season may have a substantial impact on autonomic modulation in field soccer athletes. The number of sudden death cases associated with soccer may be related to the physical training required to maintain performance and fitness, minimal time for recovery, and recurrent game participation. It is possible to identify individuals at risk of cardiovascular events by measuring heart rate variability (HRV), which is an indirect method for assessing autonomic activity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze HRV before and after a period of field soccer competition. We evaluated 17 healthy male professional field soccer athletes and 12 untrained controls. The HRV was analyzed during supine rest before and after a period of field soccer competition. The following parameters were evaluated: interval R wave variation (RR), standard deviation of normal–normal intervals (SDNN), Root-mean-square successive difference (RMSSD), low frequency component (LF), high-frequency component (HF) and sympathovagal balance (LF/HF). Results indicated that the RR (p<.05, ES: 2.77), SDNN (p<.05, ES: 1.70), LF (p<.05, ES: 1.86), HF p<.05, ES: 0.89) and LF/HF p<.05, ES: 0.89) all decreased after the competition in the professional athletes with no change observed in the control group. In conclusion, the data suggest that a soccer competition negatively influences the autonomic regulation of heart rate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1198-1205
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Exercise Science
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

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Soccer
Athletes
Heart Rate
Sudden Death
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Heart rate variability
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Football athletes
  • Competition

Cite this

Miranda, J. M. D. Q., Rica, R. L., Barbosa, W. A., Maia, A. F., Bergamin, M., Valenti, V. E., ... Wichi, R. B. (2019). Effects of a competitive season on autonomic heart rate modulation in field soccer athletes. International Journal of Exercise Science, 12(2), 1198-1205.
Miranda, João Marcelo de Queiroz ; Rica, Roberta Luksevicius ; Barbosa, Welmo Alacantara ; Maia, Adriano Fortes ; Bergamin, Marco ; Valenti, Vitor Engracia ; Baker, Julien Steven ; Shimojo, Guilherme Lemos ; Prestes, Jonato ; Stone, Whitley J. ; Bocalini, Danilo S. ; Wichi, Rogerio Brandao. / Effects of a competitive season on autonomic heart rate modulation in field soccer athletes. In: International Journal of Exercise Science. 2019 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 1198-1205.
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abstract = "The physical demands of soccer combined with the rigor of the competitive season may have a substantial impact on autonomic modulation in field soccer athletes. The number of sudden death cases associated with soccer may be related to the physical training required to maintain performance and fitness, minimal time for recovery, and recurrent game participation. It is possible to identify individuals at risk of cardiovascular events by measuring heart rate variability (HRV), which is an indirect method for assessing autonomic activity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze HRV before and after a period of field soccer competition. We evaluated 17 healthy male professional field soccer athletes and 12 untrained controls. The HRV was analyzed during supine rest before and after a period of field soccer competition. The following parameters were evaluated: interval R wave variation (RR), standard deviation of normal–normal intervals (SDNN), Root-mean-square successive difference (RMSSD), low frequency component (LF), high-frequency component (HF) and sympathovagal balance (LF/HF). Results indicated that the RR (p<.05, ES: 2.77), SDNN (p<.05, ES: 1.70), LF (p<.05, ES: 1.86), HF p<.05, ES: 0.89) and LF/HF p<.05, ES: 0.89) all decreased after the competition in the professional athletes with no change observed in the control group. In conclusion, the data suggest that a soccer competition negatively influences the autonomic regulation of heart rate.",
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Miranda, JMDQ, Rica, RL, Barbosa, WA, Maia, AF, Bergamin, M, Valenti, VE, Baker, JS, Shimojo, GL, Prestes, J, Stone, WJ, Bocalini, DS & Wichi, RB 2019, 'Effects of a competitive season on autonomic heart rate modulation in field soccer athletes', International Journal of Exercise Science, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 1198-1205.

Effects of a competitive season on autonomic heart rate modulation in field soccer athletes. / Miranda, João Marcelo de Queiroz ; Rica, Roberta Luksevicius; Barbosa, Welmo Alacantara; Maia, Adriano Fortes; Bergamin, Marco; Valenti, Vitor Engracia; Baker, Julien Steven; Shimojo, Guilherme Lemos; Prestes, Jonato; Stone, Whitley J.; Bocalini, Danilo S.; Wichi, Rogerio Brandao.

In: International Journal of Exercise Science, Vol. 12, No. 2, 11.2019, p. 1198-1205.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Effects of a competitive season on autonomic heart rate modulation in field soccer athletes

AU - Miranda, João Marcelo de Queiroz

AU - Rica, Roberta Luksevicius

AU - Barbosa, Welmo Alacantara

AU - Maia, Adriano Fortes

AU - Bergamin, Marco

AU - Valenti, Vitor Engracia

AU - Baker, Julien Steven

AU - Shimojo, Guilherme Lemos

AU - Prestes, Jonato

AU - Stone, Whitley J.

AU - Bocalini, Danilo S.

AU - Wichi, Rogerio Brandao

PY - 2019/11

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N2 - The physical demands of soccer combined with the rigor of the competitive season may have a substantial impact on autonomic modulation in field soccer athletes. The number of sudden death cases associated with soccer may be related to the physical training required to maintain performance and fitness, minimal time for recovery, and recurrent game participation. It is possible to identify individuals at risk of cardiovascular events by measuring heart rate variability (HRV), which is an indirect method for assessing autonomic activity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze HRV before and after a period of field soccer competition. We evaluated 17 healthy male professional field soccer athletes and 12 untrained controls. The HRV was analyzed during supine rest before and after a period of field soccer competition. The following parameters were evaluated: interval R wave variation (RR), standard deviation of normal–normal intervals (SDNN), Root-mean-square successive difference (RMSSD), low frequency component (LF), high-frequency component (HF) and sympathovagal balance (LF/HF). Results indicated that the RR (p<.05, ES: 2.77), SDNN (p<.05, ES: 1.70), LF (p<.05, ES: 1.86), HF p<.05, ES: 0.89) and LF/HF p<.05, ES: 0.89) all decreased after the competition in the professional athletes with no change observed in the control group. In conclusion, the data suggest that a soccer competition negatively influences the autonomic regulation of heart rate.

AB - The physical demands of soccer combined with the rigor of the competitive season may have a substantial impact on autonomic modulation in field soccer athletes. The number of sudden death cases associated with soccer may be related to the physical training required to maintain performance and fitness, minimal time for recovery, and recurrent game participation. It is possible to identify individuals at risk of cardiovascular events by measuring heart rate variability (HRV), which is an indirect method for assessing autonomic activity. Therefore, the objective of this study was to analyze HRV before and after a period of field soccer competition. We evaluated 17 healthy male professional field soccer athletes and 12 untrained controls. The HRV was analyzed during supine rest before and after a period of field soccer competition. The following parameters were evaluated: interval R wave variation (RR), standard deviation of normal–normal intervals (SDNN), Root-mean-square successive difference (RMSSD), low frequency component (LF), high-frequency component (HF) and sympathovagal balance (LF/HF). Results indicated that the RR (p<.05, ES: 2.77), SDNN (p<.05, ES: 1.70), LF (p<.05, ES: 1.86), HF p<.05, ES: 0.89) and LF/HF p<.05, ES: 0.89) all decreased after the competition in the professional athletes with no change observed in the control group. In conclusion, the data suggest that a soccer competition negatively influences the autonomic regulation of heart rate.

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KW - Cardiovascular system

KW - Football athletes

KW - Competition

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JO - International Journal of Exercise Science

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SN - 1939-795X

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Miranda JMDQ, Rica RL, Barbosa WA, Maia AF, Bergamin M, Valenti VE et al. Effects of a competitive season on autonomic heart rate modulation in field soccer athletes. International Journal of Exercise Science. 2019 Nov;12(2):1198-1205.