BACKGROUND: Kangaroo mother care (KMC) offers several benefits for neonates and mothers. Although many studies have evaluated the effectiveness of KMC on infants, only few studies have examined the effects on mothers. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of KMC on maternal resilience and breastfeeding self-efficacy via the role-play method in a neonatal intensive care unit.
METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial. Mothers were randomized into two groups. Mothers in the intervention group were trained using the role-play method. Questionnaires were administered before and after the intervention. Data were analyzed with SPSS version 22.
RESULTS: The training demonstrated a statistically significant difference in resilience score and breastfeeding self-efficacy in each group after the intervention. In addition, a statistically significant difference was revealed between both groups in resilience scores and breastfeeding self-efficacy after the intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: KMC training with the role-play method was most effective. Role-play and routine methods are recommended as methods of therapeutic care in clinical settings to improve maternal resilience and breastfeeding self-efficacy.
- kangaroo mother care
- breastfeeding self-efficacy
- neonatal intensive care unit