Effect of web hole spacing on axial capacity of back-to-back cold-formed steel channels with edge-stiffened holes

Yaohui Chi, Krishanu Roy*, Boshan Chen, Zhiyuan Fang, Asraf Uzzaman, G. Beulah Gnana Ananthi, James B.P. Lim

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


Recently, a new generation of cold-formed steel (CFS) channel section with edge-stiffened web holes has been developed by industry in New Zealand. However, no research has been reported in the literature to investigate the axial capacity of back-to-back channels with edge-stiffened web holes. This paper presents a total of 73 new results comprising 29 compression tests and 44 finite element analyses (FEA) on axial capacity of such back-to-back CFS channels. The results show that for back-to-back channels with seven edge-stiffened holes, the axial capacity increased by 19.2%, compared to plain channels without web holes. A non-linear finite element (FE) model was developed and validated against the test results. The validated FE model was used to conduct a parametric study involving 44 FE models. Finely, the tests results were compared with the design strengths calculated from the AISI and AS/NZ standards and from the proposed design equations of Moen and Schafer. From the comparison results, it was found that the AISI and AS/NZ design strengths are only 9% conservative to the test results for plain channels without web holes. While Moen and Schafer equations are conservative by 13% and 47% for axial capacity of CFS back-to-back channels with un-stiffened and edge-stiffened web holes, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-305
Number of pages19
JournalSteel and Composite Structures
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2021


  • back-to-back channels
  • cold-formed steel
  • compression tests
  • edge-stiffened holes
  • finite element modelling


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