Effect of post-activation potentiation after medium vs. high inertia eccentric overload exercise on standing long jump, countermovement jump and change of direction performance

Marco Beato, Kevin L. De Keijzer, Zygimantas Leskauskas, William J. Allen, Antonio Dello Iacono, Stuart A. McErlain-Naylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the post-activation potentiation (PAP) effects of aneccentric overload (EOL) exercise on vertical and horizontal jumps and change ofdirection (COD) performance. Twelve healthy physically active male subjects wereinvolved in a cross-over study. The subjects performed 3 sets of 6 repetitions of EOL half-squats for maximal power using a flywheel ergometer. PAP using an EOL exercise was compared between a medium (M-EOL) vs. high inertia (H-EOL) experimental condition. Long jump (LJ) was recorded at 30 s, 3 min, and 6 min following both EOL exercises and compared with baseline values (control). The same procedure was utilised to assess countermovement jump (CMJ) height and peak power and 5-m change of direction test (COD-5m). A fully Bayesian statistical approach to provide probabilistic statements was used in this study. LJ performance reported improvements following M-EOL and H-EOL exercise (Bayes factor [BF10]=32.7, strong; BF10=9.2, moderate), respectively. CMJ height (BF10=135.6, extreme; BF10>200, extreme), CMJ peak power (BF10>200, extreme; BF10=56.1, very strong), and COD-5m (BF10=55.7, very strong; BF10=16.4, strong) reported improvements following M-EOL and H-EOL exercise, respectively. Between analysis did not report meaningful differences in performance between M-EOL and H-EOL exercises. The present outcomes highlight that PAP using an EOL (M-EOL and H-EOL) improves LJ, CMJ height, CMJ peak power, and COD-5m in male athletes. The optimal time window for the PAP effect was found for both EOL conditions from 3 to 6 min. However, M-EOL and H-EOL produce similar PAP effect on LJ, CMJ and COD-5m tasks.
LanguageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
StateAccepted/In press - 10 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Exercise
Bayes Theorem
Athletes
Cross-Over Studies
Direction compound

Keywords

  • warm-up
  • power
  • flywheel
  • sprint
  • training

Cite this

@article{2695ec008a9742499fd8fd6e98511a51,
title = "Effect of post-activation potentiation after medium vs. high inertia eccentric overload exercise on standing long jump, countermovement jump and change of direction performance",
abstract = "This study aimed to evaluate the post-activation potentiation (PAP) effects of aneccentric overload (EOL) exercise on vertical and horizontal jumps and change ofdirection (COD) performance. Twelve healthy physically active male subjects wereinvolved in a cross-over study. The subjects performed 3 sets of 6 repetitions of EOL half-squats for maximal power using a flywheel ergometer. PAP using an EOL exercise was compared between a medium (M-EOL) vs. high inertia (H-EOL) experimental condition. Long jump (LJ) was recorded at 30 s, 3 min, and 6 min following both EOL exercises and compared with baseline values (control). The same procedure was utilised to assess countermovement jump (CMJ) height and peak power and 5-m change of direction test (COD-5m). A fully Bayesian statistical approach to provide probabilistic statements was used in this study. LJ performance reported improvements following M-EOL and H-EOL exercise (Bayes factor [BF10]=32.7, strong; BF10=9.2, moderate), respectively. CMJ height (BF10=135.6, extreme; BF10>200, extreme), CMJ peak power (BF10>200, extreme; BF10=56.1, very strong), and COD-5m (BF10=55.7, very strong; BF10=16.4, strong) reported improvements following M-EOL and H-EOL exercise, respectively. Between analysis did not report meaningful differences in performance between M-EOL and H-EOL exercises. The present outcomes highlight that PAP using an EOL (M-EOL and H-EOL) improves LJ, CMJ height, CMJ peak power, and COD-5m in male athletes. The optimal time window for the PAP effect was found for both EOL conditions from 3 to 6 min. However, M-EOL and H-EOL produce similar PAP effect on LJ, CMJ and COD-5m tasks.",
keywords = "warm-up, power, flywheel, sprint, training",
author = "Marco Beato and {De Keijzer}, {Kevin L.} and Zygimantas Leskauskas and Allen, {William J.} and {Dello Iacono}, Antonio and McErlain-Naylor, {Stuart A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "10",
language = "English",
journal = "The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins",

}

Effect of post-activation potentiation after medium vs. high inertia eccentric overload exercise on standing long jump, countermovement jump and change of direction performance. / Beato, Marco; De Keijzer, Kevin L. ; Leskauskas, Zygimantas ; Allen, William J. ; Dello Iacono, Antonio; McErlain-Naylor, Stuart A. .

In: The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 10.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of post-activation potentiation after medium vs. high inertia eccentric overload exercise on standing long jump, countermovement jump and change of direction performance

AU - Beato,Marco

AU - De Keijzer,Kevin L.

AU - Leskauskas,Zygimantas

AU - Allen,William J.

AU - Dello Iacono,Antonio

AU - McErlain-Naylor,Stuart A.

PY - 2019/4/10

Y1 - 2019/4/10

N2 - This study aimed to evaluate the post-activation potentiation (PAP) effects of aneccentric overload (EOL) exercise on vertical and horizontal jumps and change ofdirection (COD) performance. Twelve healthy physically active male subjects wereinvolved in a cross-over study. The subjects performed 3 sets of 6 repetitions of EOL half-squats for maximal power using a flywheel ergometer. PAP using an EOL exercise was compared between a medium (M-EOL) vs. high inertia (H-EOL) experimental condition. Long jump (LJ) was recorded at 30 s, 3 min, and 6 min following both EOL exercises and compared with baseline values (control). The same procedure was utilised to assess countermovement jump (CMJ) height and peak power and 5-m change of direction test (COD-5m). A fully Bayesian statistical approach to provide probabilistic statements was used in this study. LJ performance reported improvements following M-EOL and H-EOL exercise (Bayes factor [BF10]=32.7, strong; BF10=9.2, moderate), respectively. CMJ height (BF10=135.6, extreme; BF10>200, extreme), CMJ peak power (BF10>200, extreme; BF10=56.1, very strong), and COD-5m (BF10=55.7, very strong; BF10=16.4, strong) reported improvements following M-EOL and H-EOL exercise, respectively. Between analysis did not report meaningful differences in performance between M-EOL and H-EOL exercises. The present outcomes highlight that PAP using an EOL (M-EOL and H-EOL) improves LJ, CMJ height, CMJ peak power, and COD-5m in male athletes. The optimal time window for the PAP effect was found for both EOL conditions from 3 to 6 min. However, M-EOL and H-EOL produce similar PAP effect on LJ, CMJ and COD-5m tasks.

AB - This study aimed to evaluate the post-activation potentiation (PAP) effects of aneccentric overload (EOL) exercise on vertical and horizontal jumps and change ofdirection (COD) performance. Twelve healthy physically active male subjects wereinvolved in a cross-over study. The subjects performed 3 sets of 6 repetitions of EOL half-squats for maximal power using a flywheel ergometer. PAP using an EOL exercise was compared between a medium (M-EOL) vs. high inertia (H-EOL) experimental condition. Long jump (LJ) was recorded at 30 s, 3 min, and 6 min following both EOL exercises and compared with baseline values (control). The same procedure was utilised to assess countermovement jump (CMJ) height and peak power and 5-m change of direction test (COD-5m). A fully Bayesian statistical approach to provide probabilistic statements was used in this study. LJ performance reported improvements following M-EOL and H-EOL exercise (Bayes factor [BF10]=32.7, strong; BF10=9.2, moderate), respectively. CMJ height (BF10=135.6, extreme; BF10>200, extreme), CMJ peak power (BF10>200, extreme; BF10=56.1, very strong), and COD-5m (BF10=55.7, very strong; BF10=16.4, strong) reported improvements following M-EOL and H-EOL exercise, respectively. Between analysis did not report meaningful differences in performance between M-EOL and H-EOL exercises. The present outcomes highlight that PAP using an EOL (M-EOL and H-EOL) improves LJ, CMJ height, CMJ peak power, and COD-5m in male athletes. The optimal time window for the PAP effect was found for both EOL conditions from 3 to 6 min. However, M-EOL and H-EOL produce similar PAP effect on LJ, CMJ and COD-5m tasks.

KW - warm-up

KW - power

KW - flywheel

KW - sprint

KW - training

M3 - Article

JO - The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

T2 - The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

ER -