This paper proposes a new cough detection system based on audio signals acquired from conventional smartphones. The system relies on local Hu moments to characterize cough events and a Λ-NN classifier to distinguish cough events from non-cough ones (speech, laugh, sneeze, etc.) and noisy sounds. To deal with the unbalance between classes, we employ Distinct-Borderline2 Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique and a bespoke cost matrix. The system additionally features a post-processing module to avoid isolated false negatives and, this way, increases sensitivity. Evaluation has been carried out using a database comprising a variety of cough and non-cough events and different types of background noise. In this study, we specifically focused on noise likely to appear when the user is carrying the smartphone in daily activities. Different Signal to Noise Ratio values were tested ranging between -15 and 0 dB. Our experiments confirm that local Hu moments are suitable not only for characterizing cough events but also for coping with noisy environments. Results show a sensitivity of 94.17% and a specificity of 92.16% at -15 dB. Thus, our system shows potential as a reliable and place-ubiquitous monitoring device that helps patients self-manage their own respiratory diseases and avoids unreported or fabricated symptoms.
|Title of host publication||IEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2016|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Oct 2016|
|Name||Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society|
Monge-Álvarez, J., Hoyos Barceló, C., Lesso, P., Escudero, J., Dahal, K., & Casaseca, J. P. (2016). Effect of importance sampling on robust segmentation of audio-cough events in noisy environments. In IEEE 38th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), 2016 (pp. 3740-3744). (Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2016.7591541