Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy

Luca P. Ardigò, Goran Kuvacic, Antonio D. Iacono, Giacomo Dascanio, Johnny Padulo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The three-point shot (3S) is a fundamental basketball skill used frequently during a game, and is often a main determinant of the final result. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of different metabolic conditions, in terms of heart rates, on 3S accuracy (3S%) in 24 male (Under 17) basketball players (age 16.3 ± 0.6 yrs). 3S performance was specifically investigated at different heart rates. All sessions consisted of 10 consecutive 3Ss from five different significant field spots just beyond the FIBA three-point line, i.e., about 7 m from the basket (two counter-clockwise "laps") at different heart rates: rest (0HR), after warm-up (50%HRMAX [50HR]), and heart rate corresponding to 80% of its maximum value (80%HRMAX [80HR]). We found that 50HR does not significantly decrease 3S% (-15%, P = 0.255), while 80HR significantly does when compared to 0HR (-28%, P = 0.007). Given that 50HR does not decrease 3S% compared to 0HR, we believe that no preliminary warm-up is needed before entering a game in order to specifically achieve a high 3S%. Furthermore, 3S training should be performed in conditions of moderate-to-high fatigued state so that a high 3S% can be maintained during game-play.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00075
Number of pages6
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Basketball
Heart Rate

Keywords

  • fatigue
  • heart rate
  • task performance and analysis
  • sports
  • young

Cite this

Ardigò, L. P., Kuvacic, G., Iacono, A. D., Dascanio, G., & Padulo, J. (2018). Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy. Frontiers in Physiology, 9, [00075]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.00075
Ardigò, Luca P. ; Kuvacic, Goran ; Iacono, Antonio D. ; Dascanio, Giacomo ; Padulo, Johnny. / Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy. In: Frontiers in Physiology. 2018 ; Vol. 9.
@article{5e4f2d79bfb14cf797ad2571d5f436a5,
title = "Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy",
abstract = "The three-point shot (3S) is a fundamental basketball skill used frequently during a game, and is often a main determinant of the final result. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of different metabolic conditions, in terms of heart rates, on 3S accuracy (3S{\%}) in 24 male (Under 17) basketball players (age 16.3 ± 0.6 yrs). 3S performance was specifically investigated at different heart rates. All sessions consisted of 10 consecutive 3Ss from five different significant field spots just beyond the FIBA three-point line, i.e., about 7 m from the basket (two counter-clockwise {"}laps{"}) at different heart rates: rest (0HR), after warm-up (50{\%}HRMAX [50HR]), and heart rate corresponding to 80{\%} of its maximum value (80{\%}HRMAX [80HR]). We found that 50HR does not significantly decrease 3S{\%} (-15{\%}, P = 0.255), while 80HR significantly does when compared to 0HR (-28{\%}, P = 0.007). Given that 50HR does not decrease 3S{\%} compared to 0HR, we believe that no preliminary warm-up is needed before entering a game in order to specifically achieve a high 3S{\%}. Furthermore, 3S training should be performed in conditions of moderate-to-high fatigued state so that a high 3S{\%} can be maintained during game-play.",
keywords = "fatigue, heart rate, task performance and analysis, sports, young",
author = "Ardig{\`o}, {Luca P.} and Goran Kuvacic and Iacono, {Antonio D.} and Giacomo Dascanio and Johnny Padulo",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "6",
doi = "10.3389/fphys.2018.00075",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Frontiers in Physiology",
issn = "1664-042X",
publisher = "Frontiers Media",

}

Ardigò, LP, Kuvacic, G, Iacono, AD, Dascanio, G & Padulo, J 2018, 'Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy', Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 9, 00075. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.00075

Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy. / Ardigò, Luca P.; Kuvacic, Goran; Iacono, Antonio D.; Dascanio, Giacomo; Padulo, Johnny.

In: Frontiers in Physiology, Vol. 9, 00075, 06.02.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy

AU - Ardigò, Luca P.

AU - Kuvacic, Goran

AU - Iacono, Antonio D.

AU - Dascanio, Giacomo

AU - Padulo, Johnny

PY - 2018/2/6

Y1 - 2018/2/6

N2 - The three-point shot (3S) is a fundamental basketball skill used frequently during a game, and is often a main determinant of the final result. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of different metabolic conditions, in terms of heart rates, on 3S accuracy (3S%) in 24 male (Under 17) basketball players (age 16.3 ± 0.6 yrs). 3S performance was specifically investigated at different heart rates. All sessions consisted of 10 consecutive 3Ss from five different significant field spots just beyond the FIBA three-point line, i.e., about 7 m from the basket (two counter-clockwise "laps") at different heart rates: rest (0HR), after warm-up (50%HRMAX [50HR]), and heart rate corresponding to 80% of its maximum value (80%HRMAX [80HR]). We found that 50HR does not significantly decrease 3S% (-15%, P = 0.255), while 80HR significantly does when compared to 0HR (-28%, P = 0.007). Given that 50HR does not decrease 3S% compared to 0HR, we believe that no preliminary warm-up is needed before entering a game in order to specifically achieve a high 3S%. Furthermore, 3S training should be performed in conditions of moderate-to-high fatigued state so that a high 3S% can be maintained during game-play.

AB - The three-point shot (3S) is a fundamental basketball skill used frequently during a game, and is often a main determinant of the final result. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of different metabolic conditions, in terms of heart rates, on 3S accuracy (3S%) in 24 male (Under 17) basketball players (age 16.3 ± 0.6 yrs). 3S performance was specifically investigated at different heart rates. All sessions consisted of 10 consecutive 3Ss from five different significant field spots just beyond the FIBA three-point line, i.e., about 7 m from the basket (two counter-clockwise "laps") at different heart rates: rest (0HR), after warm-up (50%HRMAX [50HR]), and heart rate corresponding to 80% of its maximum value (80%HRMAX [80HR]). We found that 50HR does not significantly decrease 3S% (-15%, P = 0.255), while 80HR significantly does when compared to 0HR (-28%, P = 0.007). Given that 50HR does not decrease 3S% compared to 0HR, we believe that no preliminary warm-up is needed before entering a game in order to specifically achieve a high 3S%. Furthermore, 3S training should be performed in conditions of moderate-to-high fatigued state so that a high 3S% can be maintained during game-play.

KW - fatigue

KW - heart rate

KW - task performance and analysis

KW - sports

KW - young

U2 - 10.3389/fphys.2018.00075

DO - 10.3389/fphys.2018.00075

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Frontiers in Physiology

JF - Frontiers in Physiology

SN - 1664-042X

M1 - 00075

ER -