Effect of heart rate on basketball three-point shot accuracy

Luca P. Ardigò, Goran Kuvacic, Antonio D. Iacono, Giacomo Dascanio, Johnny Padulo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


The three-point shot (3S) is a fundamental basketball skill used frequently during a game, and is often a main determinant of the final result. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of different metabolic conditions, in terms of heart rates, on 3S accuracy (3S%) in 24 male (Under 17) basketball players (age 16.3 ± 0.6 yrs). 3S performance was specifically investigated at different heart rates. All sessions consisted of 10 consecutive 3Ss from five different significant field spots just beyond the FIBA three-point line, i.e., about 7 m from the basket (two counter-clockwise "laps") at different heart rates: rest (0HR), after warm-up (50%HRMAX [50HR]), and heart rate corresponding to 80% of its maximum value (80%HRMAX [80HR]). We found that 50HR does not significantly decrease 3S% (-15%, P = 0.255), while 80HR significantly does when compared to 0HR (-28%, P = 0.007). Given that 50HR does not decrease 3S% compared to 0HR, we believe that no preliminary warm-up is needed before entering a game in order to specifically achieve a high 3S%. Furthermore, 3S training should be performed in conditions of moderate-to-high fatigued state so that a high 3S% can be maintained during game-play.

Original languageEnglish
Article number00075
Number of pages6
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • fatigue
  • heart rate
  • task performance and analysis
  • sports
  • young


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