Effect of bipolar plate materials on performance of fuel cells

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

PEM fuel cell is a device that produce electricity through an electrochemical reaction. They are environmentally friendly, with nearly zero emissions due to the reactants used in the reaction (H2 and O2 gas). They are designed to have good efficiency. PEM fuel cell is a reliable means of energy generation. Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells have membrane electrode assembly (MEA) and this MEA functions as the platform in the fuel cell where reaction takes place. Another vital part in Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells is the bipolar plates (BP). They act as the medium where the reactive substances enter the cell. The BP determines the weight of the stack. It therefore contributes to the initial capital needed in the manufacturing of the fuel cell since the weight is directly related to the cost of the device. Dissipation of heat and excess water occurs via the bipolar plate. Scientists around the world working on PEM fuel cells have over the years concluded that a major factor that adds up to the overall cost of fuel cell immensely is the material used in the BP construction.

This investigation therefore presents a thorough review on current materials used for the manufacturing of BP for fuel cells. Merits and demerits of some of these materials were also discussed in detail. This investigation will further serve as a guide to the fuel cell research community in the selection of a suitable material to produce flow plates for specific fuel cell applications.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationReference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering
EditorsM.S.J. Hashmi
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages1-15
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-803581-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Electrodes
Cell membranes
Costs
Electricity
Membranes
Gases
Water

Keywords

  • Bipolar Plates
  • Coatings
  • Composite bipolar plates
  • Metallic flow plates
  • PEM fuel cells
  • Surface treatment

Cite this

Wilberforce, T., Ijaodola, O., Ogungbemi, E., El Hassan, Z., Thompson, J., & Olabi, A. G. (2018). Effect of bipolar plate materials on performance of fuel cells. In M. S. J. Hashmi (Ed.), Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering (pp. 1-15). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.11272-X
Wilberforce, Tabbi ; Ijaodola, Oluwatosin ; Ogungbemi, Emmanuel ; El Hassan, Zaki ; Thompson, James ; Olabi, Abdul G. / Effect of bipolar plate materials on performance of fuel cells. Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering. editor / M.S.J. Hashmi. Elsevier Inc., 2018. pp. 1-15
@inbook{4e5c4eadb1e946a5a3907f2fcb4fb61e,
title = "Effect of bipolar plate materials on performance of fuel cells",
abstract = "PEM fuel cell is a device that produce electricity through an electrochemical reaction. They are environmentally friendly, with nearly zero emissions due to the reactants used in the reaction (H2 and O2 gas). They are designed to have good efficiency. PEM fuel cell is a reliable means of energy generation. Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells have membrane electrode assembly (MEA) and this MEA functions as the platform in the fuel cell where reaction takes place. Another vital part in Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells is the bipolar plates (BP). They act as the medium where the reactive substances enter the cell. The BP determines the weight of the stack. It therefore contributes to the initial capital needed in the manufacturing of the fuel cell since the weight is directly related to the cost of the device. Dissipation of heat and excess water occurs via the bipolar plate. Scientists around the world working on PEM fuel cells have over the years concluded that a major factor that adds up to the overall cost of fuel cell immensely is the material used in the BP construction.This investigation therefore presents a thorough review on current materials used for the manufacturing of BP for fuel cells. Merits and demerits of some of these materials were also discussed in detail. This investigation will further serve as a guide to the fuel cell research community in the selection of a suitable material to produce flow plates for specific fuel cell applications.",
keywords = "Bipolar Plates, Coatings, Composite bipolar plates, Metallic flow plates, PEM fuel cells, Surface treatment",
author = "Tabbi Wilberforce and Oluwatosin Ijaodola and Emmanuel Ogungbemi and {El Hassan}, Zaki and James Thompson and Olabi, {Abdul G.}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "24",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.11272-X",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-0-12-803581-8",
pages = "1--15",
editor = "M.S.J. Hashmi",
booktitle = "Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
address = "United States",

}

Wilberforce, T, Ijaodola, O, Ogungbemi, E, El Hassan, Z, Thompson, J & Olabi, AG 2018, Effect of bipolar plate materials on performance of fuel cells. in MSJ Hashmi (ed.), Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering. Elsevier Inc., pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.11272-X

Effect of bipolar plate materials on performance of fuel cells. / Wilberforce, Tabbi; Ijaodola, Oluwatosin; Ogungbemi, Emmanuel; El Hassan, Zaki; Thompson, James; Olabi, Abdul G.

Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering. ed. / M.S.J. Hashmi. Elsevier Inc., 2018. p. 1-15.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Effect of bipolar plate materials on performance of fuel cells

AU - Wilberforce, Tabbi

AU - Ijaodola, Oluwatosin

AU - Ogungbemi, Emmanuel

AU - El Hassan, Zaki

AU - Thompson, James

AU - Olabi, Abdul G.

PY - 2018/12/24

Y1 - 2018/12/24

N2 - PEM fuel cell is a device that produce electricity through an electrochemical reaction. They are environmentally friendly, with nearly zero emissions due to the reactants used in the reaction (H2 and O2 gas). They are designed to have good efficiency. PEM fuel cell is a reliable means of energy generation. Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells have membrane electrode assembly (MEA) and this MEA functions as the platform in the fuel cell where reaction takes place. Another vital part in Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells is the bipolar plates (BP). They act as the medium where the reactive substances enter the cell. The BP determines the weight of the stack. It therefore contributes to the initial capital needed in the manufacturing of the fuel cell since the weight is directly related to the cost of the device. Dissipation of heat and excess water occurs via the bipolar plate. Scientists around the world working on PEM fuel cells have over the years concluded that a major factor that adds up to the overall cost of fuel cell immensely is the material used in the BP construction.This investigation therefore presents a thorough review on current materials used for the manufacturing of BP for fuel cells. Merits and demerits of some of these materials were also discussed in detail. This investigation will further serve as a guide to the fuel cell research community in the selection of a suitable material to produce flow plates for specific fuel cell applications.

AB - PEM fuel cell is a device that produce electricity through an electrochemical reaction. They are environmentally friendly, with nearly zero emissions due to the reactants used in the reaction (H2 and O2 gas). They are designed to have good efficiency. PEM fuel cell is a reliable means of energy generation. Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells have membrane electrode assembly (MEA) and this MEA functions as the platform in the fuel cell where reaction takes place. Another vital part in Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells is the bipolar plates (BP). They act as the medium where the reactive substances enter the cell. The BP determines the weight of the stack. It therefore contributes to the initial capital needed in the manufacturing of the fuel cell since the weight is directly related to the cost of the device. Dissipation of heat and excess water occurs via the bipolar plate. Scientists around the world working on PEM fuel cells have over the years concluded that a major factor that adds up to the overall cost of fuel cell immensely is the material used in the BP construction.This investigation therefore presents a thorough review on current materials used for the manufacturing of BP for fuel cells. Merits and demerits of some of these materials were also discussed in detail. This investigation will further serve as a guide to the fuel cell research community in the selection of a suitable material to produce flow plates for specific fuel cell applications.

KW - Bipolar Plates

KW - Coatings

KW - Composite bipolar plates

KW - Metallic flow plates

KW - PEM fuel cells

KW - Surface treatment

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.11272-X

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.11272-X

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-0-12-803581-8

SP - 1

EP - 15

BT - Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering

A2 - Hashmi, M.S.J.

PB - Elsevier Inc.

ER -

Wilberforce T, Ijaodola O, Ogungbemi E, El Hassan Z, Thompson J, Olabi AG. Effect of bipolar plate materials on performance of fuel cells. In Hashmi MSJ, editor, Reference Module in Materials Science and Materials Engineering. Elsevier Inc. 2018. p. 1-15 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803581-8.11272-X