Effect of altering tempo of the pre-match warm-up on skills in youth soccer

Viswanath B. Unnithan, Matthew Pook

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

Abstract

The physiological consequences of a pre-match warm-up before a soccer match has been hypothesized to increase muscle temperature and range of joint movement, with a view to lowering the risk of injury during exercise. It is believed, however, that the warm-up can affect the soccer player's technical performance during competition and, therefore, the result of a match may rely on how effective the warm-up routine is.
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare a high (HT)-and low-tempo (LT) pre-match warm-up on soccer-specific skills in a group of youth soccer players.
METHODS: 19 male, youth soccer players volunteered to participate in the study (Age: 16.9 ± 0.9 years, Stature: 1.73 ± 0.05 m and Body Mass: 64.7 ± 10.7 kg). The players taking part in this study were highly trained (Number of years playing competitive soccer: 8.6 ± 3.1; Hours per week training: 13.7 ± 4.8). All players participated in a HT (Heart rate: 160 ± 6 beats·min-1) and a LT (Heart rate: 132 ± 6 beats·min-1) warm-up lasting ten minutes. The tempo was modified by altering the dimension of the warm-up area and altering the speed of ball movement between players. Following each warm-up, the subjects carried out five skills test (Ball Control, Dribbling with a Pass, Dribbling Speed, Passing, and Shooting).
RESULTS: Significant differences (p<0.05) were identified between LT and HT for Ball Control (HT: 35 ± 2 vs. LT: 28.0 ± 3.0, number of touches in 90 s) and approached significance for Shooting Skills (HT: 16.1 ± 4.2 vs. LT: 13.9 ± 3.9 points, p=0.08). No significant difference between HT and LT were identified for: Dribbling with a Pass (HT: 7.34 ± 1.00 vs. LT: 7.49 ± 0.88), Dribbling Speed (HT: 13.11 ± 1.55 vs. LT: 13.73 ± 1.27 s) and Passing (HT: 2.4 ± 1.6 vs. LT: 2.6 ± 1.6 successful passes).
CONCLUSION: A high-tempo warm-up can enhance certain technical skills of youth soccer players. It is possible to speculate that this can be achieved through improved proprioception and preactivation mechanisms.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)467-468
Number of pages2
JournalMedicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009
Externally publishedYes

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Soccer
Heart Rate
Proprioception
Touch
Joints
Exercise
Muscles
Temperature
Wounds and Injuries

Cite this

@article{d95917f73ea44dffa0554399a4de31d4,
title = "Effect of altering tempo of the pre-match warm-up on skills in youth soccer",
abstract = "The physiological consequences of a pre-match warm-up before a soccer match has been hypothesized to increase muscle temperature and range of joint movement, with a view to lowering the risk of injury during exercise. It is believed, however, that the warm-up can affect the soccer player's technical performance during competition and, therefore, the result of a match may rely on how effective the warm-up routine is.PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare a high (HT)-and low-tempo (LT) pre-match warm-up on soccer-specific skills in a group of youth soccer players.METHODS: 19 male, youth soccer players volunteered to participate in the study (Age: 16.9 ± 0.9 years, Stature: 1.73 ± 0.05 m and Body Mass: 64.7 ± 10.7 kg). The players taking part in this study were highly trained (Number of years playing competitive soccer: 8.6 ± 3.1; Hours per week training: 13.7 ± 4.8). All players participated in a HT (Heart rate: 160 ± 6 beats·min-1) and a LT (Heart rate: 132 ± 6 beats·min-1) warm-up lasting ten minutes. The tempo was modified by altering the dimension of the warm-up area and altering the speed of ball movement between players. Following each warm-up, the subjects carried out five skills test (Ball Control, Dribbling with a Pass, Dribbling Speed, Passing, and Shooting).RESULTS: Significant differences (p<0.05) were identified between LT and HT for Ball Control (HT: 35 ± 2 vs. LT: 28.0 ± 3.0, number of touches in 90 s) and approached significance for Shooting Skills (HT: 16.1 ± 4.2 vs. LT: 13.9 ± 3.9 points, p=0.08). No significant difference between HT and LT were identified for: Dribbling with a Pass (HT: 7.34 ± 1.00 vs. LT: 7.49 ± 0.88), Dribbling Speed (HT: 13.11 ± 1.55 vs. LT: 13.73 ± 1.27 s) and Passing (HT: 2.4 ± 1.6 vs. LT: 2.6 ± 1.6 successful passes).CONCLUSION: A high-tempo warm-up can enhance certain technical skills of youth soccer players. It is possible to speculate that this can be achieved through improved proprioception and preactivation mechanisms.",
author = "Unnithan, {Viswanath B.} and Matthew Pook",
year = "2009",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1249/01.MSS.0000355975.57180.75",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "467--468",
journal = "Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise",
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}

Effect of altering tempo of the pre-match warm-up on skills in youth soccer. / Unnithan, Viswanath B.; Pook, Matthew.

In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Vol. 41, No. 5, 05.2009, p. 467-468.

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting Abstract

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of altering tempo of the pre-match warm-up on skills in youth soccer

AU - Unnithan, Viswanath B.

AU - Pook, Matthew

PY - 2009/5

Y1 - 2009/5

N2 - The physiological consequences of a pre-match warm-up before a soccer match has been hypothesized to increase muscle temperature and range of joint movement, with a view to lowering the risk of injury during exercise. It is believed, however, that the warm-up can affect the soccer player's technical performance during competition and, therefore, the result of a match may rely on how effective the warm-up routine is.PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare a high (HT)-and low-tempo (LT) pre-match warm-up on soccer-specific skills in a group of youth soccer players.METHODS: 19 male, youth soccer players volunteered to participate in the study (Age: 16.9 ± 0.9 years, Stature: 1.73 ± 0.05 m and Body Mass: 64.7 ± 10.7 kg). The players taking part in this study were highly trained (Number of years playing competitive soccer: 8.6 ± 3.1; Hours per week training: 13.7 ± 4.8). All players participated in a HT (Heart rate: 160 ± 6 beats·min-1) and a LT (Heart rate: 132 ± 6 beats·min-1) warm-up lasting ten minutes. The tempo was modified by altering the dimension of the warm-up area and altering the speed of ball movement between players. Following each warm-up, the subjects carried out five skills test (Ball Control, Dribbling with a Pass, Dribbling Speed, Passing, and Shooting).RESULTS: Significant differences (p<0.05) were identified between LT and HT for Ball Control (HT: 35 ± 2 vs. LT: 28.0 ± 3.0, number of touches in 90 s) and approached significance for Shooting Skills (HT: 16.1 ± 4.2 vs. LT: 13.9 ± 3.9 points, p=0.08). No significant difference between HT and LT were identified for: Dribbling with a Pass (HT: 7.34 ± 1.00 vs. LT: 7.49 ± 0.88), Dribbling Speed (HT: 13.11 ± 1.55 vs. LT: 13.73 ± 1.27 s) and Passing (HT: 2.4 ± 1.6 vs. LT: 2.6 ± 1.6 successful passes).CONCLUSION: A high-tempo warm-up can enhance certain technical skills of youth soccer players. It is possible to speculate that this can be achieved through improved proprioception and preactivation mechanisms.

AB - The physiological consequences of a pre-match warm-up before a soccer match has been hypothesized to increase muscle temperature and range of joint movement, with a view to lowering the risk of injury during exercise. It is believed, however, that the warm-up can affect the soccer player's technical performance during competition and, therefore, the result of a match may rely on how effective the warm-up routine is.PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to compare a high (HT)-and low-tempo (LT) pre-match warm-up on soccer-specific skills in a group of youth soccer players.METHODS: 19 male, youth soccer players volunteered to participate in the study (Age: 16.9 ± 0.9 years, Stature: 1.73 ± 0.05 m and Body Mass: 64.7 ± 10.7 kg). The players taking part in this study were highly trained (Number of years playing competitive soccer: 8.6 ± 3.1; Hours per week training: 13.7 ± 4.8). All players participated in a HT (Heart rate: 160 ± 6 beats·min-1) and a LT (Heart rate: 132 ± 6 beats·min-1) warm-up lasting ten minutes. The tempo was modified by altering the dimension of the warm-up area and altering the speed of ball movement between players. Following each warm-up, the subjects carried out five skills test (Ball Control, Dribbling with a Pass, Dribbling Speed, Passing, and Shooting).RESULTS: Significant differences (p<0.05) were identified between LT and HT for Ball Control (HT: 35 ± 2 vs. LT: 28.0 ± 3.0, number of touches in 90 s) and approached significance for Shooting Skills (HT: 16.1 ± 4.2 vs. LT: 13.9 ± 3.9 points, p=0.08). No significant difference between HT and LT were identified for: Dribbling with a Pass (HT: 7.34 ± 1.00 vs. LT: 7.49 ± 0.88), Dribbling Speed (HT: 13.11 ± 1.55 vs. LT: 13.73 ± 1.27 s) and Passing (HT: 2.4 ± 1.6 vs. LT: 2.6 ± 1.6 successful passes).CONCLUSION: A high-tempo warm-up can enhance certain technical skills of youth soccer players. It is possible to speculate that this can be achieved through improved proprioception and preactivation mechanisms.

U2 - 10.1249/01.MSS.0000355975.57180.75

DO - 10.1249/01.MSS.0000355975.57180.75

M3 - Meeting Abstract

VL - 41

SP - 467

EP - 468

JO - Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise

JF - Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 5

ER -