Increased life expectancy in most countries is a result of continuous improvements at all levels, starting from medicine and public health services, environmental and personal hygiene to the use of the most advanced technologies by healthcare providers. Despite these significant improvements, especially at the technological level in the last few decades, the overall access to healthcare services and medical facilities worldwide is not equally distributed. Indeed, the end beneficiary of these most advanced healthcare services and technologies on a daily basis are mostly residents of big cities, whereas the residents of rural areas, even in developed countries, have major difficulties accessing even basic medical services. This may lead to huge deficiencies in timely medical advice and assistance and may even cause death in some cases. Remote healthcare is considered a serious candidate for facilitating access to health services for all; thus, by using the most advanced technologies, providing at the same time high quality diagnosis and ease of implementation and use. ECG analysis and related cardiac diagnosis techniques are the basic healthcare methods providing rapid insights in potential health issues through simple visualization and interpretation by clinicians or by automatic detection of potential cardiac anomalies. In this paper, we propose a novel machine learning (ML) architecture for the ECG classification regarding five heart diseases based on temporal convolution networks (TCN). The proposed design, which implements a dilated causal one-dimensional convolution on the input heartbeat signals, seems to be outperforming all existing ML methods with an accuracy of 96.12% and an F1 score of 84.13%, using a reduced number of parameters (10.2 K). Such results make the proposed TCN architecture a good candidate for low power consumption hardware platforms, and thus its potential use in low cost embedded devices for remote health monitoring.
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - 3 Feb 2023|
- temporal convolution