The use of scanning near-field photolithography (SNP) to fabricate DNA nanostructures is described. Two different strategies were employed to generate nanoscale features in oligo(ethylene glycol) (OEG) terminated alkylthiolate self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) on gold. At long exposure times, complete photooxidation of the SAM molecules enabled their displacement by amino-terminated thiol molecules, which were subsequently used to attach ss-DNA molecules; while short exposure times resulted in partial photochemical conversion of the terminal OEG group of the adsorbate to an aldehyde group facilitating the direct attachment of amino-DNA molecules. Arrays of DNA functionalized metal-nanoparticles were then assembled onto the ss-DNA patches through specific DNA hybridization. This methodology provides a facile approach for the assembly of bio-functionalised nanoparticles onto nanofeatures embedded in an inert background and will prove useful in biosensing applications.
Sun, S., Thompson, D. G., Graham, D., & Leggett, G. J. (2011). DNA nanofabrication by scanning near-field photolithography of oligo (ethylene glycol) terminated SAMs: controlled scan-rate dependent switching between head group oxidation and tail group degradation. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21(37), 14173-14177. https://doi.org/10.1039/c1jm11803j