DIRECTIONS IN PALAEONEUROLOGY

Stig A. Walsh, Monja A. Knoll

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

In vertebrates, the endocranial surface records some degree of information about the size and sometimes shape of the brain that it originally housed. These impressions represent palaeoneurology's basic data. Starting in the early 1800s, workers in palaeoneurology have attempted to determine how the brain of vertebrates has evolved through time. Early palaeoneurologists relied on the chance finds of damaged skulls or endocranial casts, and made qualitative assessments of the shape and size of the original brain in these fossils. Jerison introduced quantitative approaches to analysis of brain size, and this is still used today. Recent advances in noninvasive imaging have increased the number of taxa for which brain morphology is known, and it may now be possible to apply quantitative analysis even to the relative size of brain regions. If correlations between behaviour, sensory adaptation and relative brain region size are found using such approaches, palaeoneurology may be able to offer a line of evidence to complement inference of behaviour from skeletal adaptations in extinct taxa.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSTUDIES ON FOSSIL TETRAPODS
Pages263-279
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Publication series

NameSpecial Papers in Palaeontology Series

Keywords

  • fossil brain
  • endocranial cast
  • palaeoneurology
  • neuroethology

Cite this

Walsh, S. A., & Knoll, M. A. (2011). DIRECTIONS IN PALAEONEUROLOGY. In STUDIES ON FOSSIL TETRAPODS (pp. 263-279). (Special Papers in Palaeontology Series). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01085.x
Walsh, Stig A. ; Knoll, Monja A. / DIRECTIONS IN PALAEONEUROLOGY. STUDIES ON FOSSIL TETRAPODS. 2011. pp. 263-279 (Special Papers in Palaeontology Series).
@inbook{b4344ffd53914ee2be8acaa772e8f531,
title = "DIRECTIONS IN PALAEONEUROLOGY",
abstract = "In vertebrates, the endocranial surface records some degree of information about the size and sometimes shape of the brain that it originally housed. These impressions represent palaeoneurology's basic data. Starting in the early 1800s, workers in palaeoneurology have attempted to determine how the brain of vertebrates has evolved through time. Early palaeoneurologists relied on the chance finds of damaged skulls or endocranial casts, and made qualitative assessments of the shape and size of the original brain in these fossils. Jerison introduced quantitative approaches to analysis of brain size, and this is still used today. Recent advances in noninvasive imaging have increased the number of taxa for which brain morphology is known, and it may now be possible to apply quantitative analysis even to the relative size of brain regions. If correlations between behaviour, sensory adaptation and relative brain region size are found using such approaches, palaeoneurology may be able to offer a line of evidence to complement inference of behaviour from skeletal adaptations in extinct taxa.",
keywords = "fossil brain, endocranial cast, palaeoneurology, neuroethology",
author = "Walsh, {Stig A.} and Knoll, {Monja A.}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01085.x",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1-4443-6189-6",
series = "Special Papers in Palaeontology Series",
pages = "263--279",
booktitle = "STUDIES ON FOSSIL TETRAPODS",

}

Walsh, SA & Knoll, MA 2011, DIRECTIONS IN PALAEONEUROLOGY. in STUDIES ON FOSSIL TETRAPODS. Special Papers in Palaeontology Series, pp. 263-279. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01085.x

DIRECTIONS IN PALAEONEUROLOGY. / Walsh, Stig A.; Knoll, Monja A.

STUDIES ON FOSSIL TETRAPODS. 2011. p. 263-279 (Special Papers in Palaeontology Series).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - DIRECTIONS IN PALAEONEUROLOGY

AU - Walsh, Stig A.

AU - Knoll, Monja A.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - In vertebrates, the endocranial surface records some degree of information about the size and sometimes shape of the brain that it originally housed. These impressions represent palaeoneurology's basic data. Starting in the early 1800s, workers in palaeoneurology have attempted to determine how the brain of vertebrates has evolved through time. Early palaeoneurologists relied on the chance finds of damaged skulls or endocranial casts, and made qualitative assessments of the shape and size of the original brain in these fossils. Jerison introduced quantitative approaches to analysis of brain size, and this is still used today. Recent advances in noninvasive imaging have increased the number of taxa for which brain morphology is known, and it may now be possible to apply quantitative analysis even to the relative size of brain regions. If correlations between behaviour, sensory adaptation and relative brain region size are found using such approaches, palaeoneurology may be able to offer a line of evidence to complement inference of behaviour from skeletal adaptations in extinct taxa.

AB - In vertebrates, the endocranial surface records some degree of information about the size and sometimes shape of the brain that it originally housed. These impressions represent palaeoneurology's basic data. Starting in the early 1800s, workers in palaeoneurology have attempted to determine how the brain of vertebrates has evolved through time. Early palaeoneurologists relied on the chance finds of damaged skulls or endocranial casts, and made qualitative assessments of the shape and size of the original brain in these fossils. Jerison introduced quantitative approaches to analysis of brain size, and this is still used today. Recent advances in noninvasive imaging have increased the number of taxa for which brain morphology is known, and it may now be possible to apply quantitative analysis even to the relative size of brain regions. If correlations between behaviour, sensory adaptation and relative brain region size are found using such approaches, palaeoneurology may be able to offer a line of evidence to complement inference of behaviour from skeletal adaptations in extinct taxa.

KW - fossil brain

KW - endocranial cast

KW - palaeoneurology

KW - neuroethology

U2 - 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01085.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01085.x

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-1-4443-6189-6

T3 - Special Papers in Palaeontology Series

SP - 263

EP - 279

BT - STUDIES ON FOSSIL TETRAPODS

ER -

Walsh SA, Knoll MA. DIRECTIONS IN PALAEONEUROLOGY. In STUDIES ON FOSSIL TETRAPODS. 2011. p. 263-279. (Special Papers in Palaeontology Series). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4983.2011.01085.x