Developments in fuel cell technologies in the transport sector

Abed Alaswad, Ahmad Baroutaji, Hussam Achour, James Carton, Ahmed Al Makky, Abdul-Ghani Olabi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

189 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The demand for clean power source which can be used to run the various types of vehicles on the road is increasing on a daily basis due to the fact that high emissions released from internal combustion engine play a significant role in air pollution and climate change. Fuel cell devices, particularly Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) type, are strong candidates to replace the internal combustion engines in the transport industry.

The PEMFC technology still has many challenges including high cost, low durability and hydrogen storage problems which limit the wide-world commercialization of this technology. In this paper, the fuel cell cost, durability and performances challenges which are associated with using of fuel cell technology for transport applications are detailed and reviewed. Recent developments that deal with the proposed challenges are reported. Furthermore, problems of hydrogen infrastructure and hydrogen storage in the fuel cell vehicle are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16499-16508
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number37
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • fuel cell
  • PEM
  • cost
  • durability
  • hydrogen
  • infrastructure

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