Development of cobalt ferrite powder preparation employing the sol-gel technique and its structural characterization

M. Sajjia, M. Oubaha, T. Prescott, A. G. Olabi

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This work focuses on the development of a method to make cobalt ferrite powder using the sol-gel process. A particular emphasis is devoted to the understanding of the role of the chemical parameters involved in the sol-gel technique, and of the heat treatment on the structures and morphologies of the materials obtained. Several samples of cobalt ferrite powder were obtained by varying the initial parameters of the process in addition to the heat treatment temperature. X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy were used to identify the structure and morphology of samples demonstrating the influence of the initial parameters. DTA/TGA was carried out on two standard samples to identify important reaction temperatures during the heat treatment. The average size of the nano crystallites was estimated for a sample by the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the strongest X-ray diffraction (XRD) peak. It has been found that the chelating agent and the crosslinker have a critical influence on the resultant structure, the particle size and the particle size distribution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-406
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2010


  • Sol-gel
  • Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles
  • Spinel structure
  • Crosslinker
  • Chelating agent

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