Development of Bi-polar plate design of PEM fuel cell using CFD techniques

Tabbi Wilberforce Awotwe, Zaki El-Hassan, F. N. Khatib, Ahmed Al Makky, James Mooney, Ahmad Barouaji, James Carton, Abdul-Ghani Olabi

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Abstract

This paper reviews the common existing designs of flow plates of fuel cells and suggests modifications to some of them to help reduce the pressure drop in the flow channels. Pressure drop is one of the factors that influence the overall performance of the cell both directly and indirectly through interaction with other factors including water management in the cell.

The work uses computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to examine different design and study the effect of varying the flow rate (i.e. velocity) on the pressure drop for each of the designs modelled. Again, the designs are optimized by changing different parameters using ANSYS CFX. Results showing the effects of the modifications on pressure drop in the various plates are presented in this paper.

From the study of the various designs, a conclusion was drawn that a modification of fuel cell designs in existence using a system similar to the diesel injection system design approach reduced the pressure drop in the fuel cell as shown by the simulation results.

This reduction in pressure drop will contribute to the improvement of performance but it must be stressed that other factors also contribute to the overall performance of the cell and reduction in pressure drop alone is not a guarantee of better performance of a certain fuel cell design.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25663-25685
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume42
Issue number40
Early online date11 Sep 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Oct 2017

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Keywords

  • Fuel cell
  • Pressure drop
  • CFD
  • Flow plate
  • Mesh
  • Design optimization

Cite this

Awotwe, T. W., El-Hassan, Z., Khatib, F. N., Al Makky, A., Mooney, J., Barouaji, A., ... Olabi, A-G. (2017). Development of Bi-polar plate design of PEM fuel cell using CFD techniques. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42(40), 25663-25685. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.08.093