Development and validation of the Good Lives Questionnaire

Craig A. Harper*, Rebecca Lievesley, Nicholas Blagden, Geraldine Ackerman, Belinda Winder, Eric Baumgartner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
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The Good Lives Model (GLM) is a framework of rehabilitation when working with individuals who have committed criminal offenses. However, its core assumptions (i.e., that the ‘good life’ is comprised of various universal primary human goods) have not been tested, and there is no standardized measure of these concepts. We used a large community sample (N = 1,309) to develop a measure of primary human goods. Our 100-item draft Good Lives Questionnaire (GLQ) was reduced to 35 items via exploratory principal components analysis (n = 900), with its five-factor structure supported by confirmatory factor analysis (n = 409). This structure runs counter to the existing scholarship related to the GLM, which proposes eleven primary human goods. We found each of our factors – ‘Inner Peace’, ‘Energy and Agency’, ‘Social Connectedness’, ‘Varied Leisure Activities’, and ‘Spirituality’ – to be differentially associated with measures of self-reported aggression, criminality, and delinquency, supporting its validity as a measure of crime- and delinquency-related constructs. They were also associated with measures of psychological wellbeing, personal agency, social connectedness, and personality. We discuss the future validation of the GLQ, as well as its potential utility in clinical and forensic settings.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1849695
Number of pages26
JournalPsychology, Crime and Law
Early online date20 Nov 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Nov 2020


  • Good Lives Model
  • primary human goods
  • scale development
  • offender rehabilitation
  • forensic Psychology


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