Developing a collaborative framework for construction projects in emerging economies

Hazhar Faris*, Mark Gaterell, David Hutchinson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
42 Downloads (Pure)


Purpose: The construction industry is a primary contributor to the development of emerging economies such as the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. However, the sector is underperforming, and products are not meeting expectations. A lack of collaboration is considered a significant contributor to these issues. Various researchers have identified factors to improve collaborative approaches. However, there is still a lack of clear frameworks to help implement collaboration in the construction industry, especially in emerging economies. Therefore, this study aims to develop a framework to implement collaboration in the construction industry.

Design/methodology/approach: This article utilises a review of literature, questionnaire and interviews with experts in the construction industry in order to develop a framework to achieve collaboration in construction projects. 

Findings: The research presents a framework that distributes the factors of collaboration over the project lifecycle stages in accordance with the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) Plan of Work 2007. Each factor is divided into a set of enabling conditions which must be satisfied to ensure that the given specific factors are delivered. Additionally, the framework suggests appointing a collaboration champion at the beginning of the project to manage the process. 

Originality/value: The research contributes to scarce literature about collaboration practices in the Kurdistan Region and in emerging economies in general.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSmart and Sustainable Built Environment
Early online date28 Feb 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Feb 2022


  • collaboration
  • construction
  • emerging economies
  • Kurdistan
  • project management
  • sustainability


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