Determination of metal content of waste mobile phones and estimation of their recovery potential in Turkey

Merve Sahan, Mehmet Ali Kucuker, Burak Demirel, Kerstin Kuchta, Andrew Hursthouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Waste mobile phones constitute one of the fastest growing Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) types all over the world due to technological innovations and shortening of their life span. They contain a complex mix of various materials, such as basic metals, precious metals and rare earth elements and represent an important secondary raw metal source. The main objectives of this study were to characterize the metal concentration of waste mobile phones by optimizing the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) operation parameters and estimate the metal recovery potential of waste mobile phones in Turkey. Therefore, selected mobile phone samples collected from a recycling center in Turkey were analyzed to determine their metal concentrations. Then, the theoretical recovery potentials of precious and rare earth metals from waste mobile phones were estimated for Turkey. The analytical methods optimized in this study can help further research activities to obtain comprehensive data for determination of the critical metals (precious metals and rare earth elements) in WEEE samples so that proper recycling and recovery strategies can be selected and implemented.
LanguageEnglish
Article number887
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number5
Early online date11 Mar 2019
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 11 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Cell Phones
Turkey
Rare Earth Metals
Metals
Electronic Waste
metal
electronic equipment
rare earth element
precious metal
Recycling
recycling
Inventions
Equipment and Supplies
mobile phone
analytical method
spectrometer
innovation
plasma
Research

Keywords

  • mobile phone
  • characterization
  • precious metals
  • rare earth elements
  • recovery potential
  • WEEE

Cite this

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title = "Determination of metal content of waste mobile phones and estimation of their recovery potential in Turkey",
abstract = "Waste mobile phones constitute one of the fastest growing Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) types all over the world due to technological innovations and shortening of their life span. They contain a complex mix of various materials, such as basic metals, precious metals and rare earth elements and represent an important secondary raw metal source. The main objectives of this study were to characterize the metal concentration of waste mobile phones by optimizing the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) operation parameters and estimate the metal recovery potential of waste mobile phones in Turkey. Therefore, selected mobile phone samples collected from a recycling center in Turkey were analyzed to determine their metal concentrations. Then, the theoretical recovery potentials of precious and rare earth metals from waste mobile phones were estimated for Turkey. The analytical methods optimized in this study can help further research activities to obtain comprehensive data for determination of the critical metals (precious metals and rare earth elements) in WEEE samples so that proper recycling and recovery strategies can be selected and implemented.",
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Determination of metal content of waste mobile phones and estimation of their recovery potential in Turkey. / Sahan, Merve; Kucuker, Mehmet Ali; Demirel, Burak; Kuchta, Kerstin; Hursthouse, Andrew.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 5, 887, 11.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determination of metal content of waste mobile phones and estimation of their recovery potential in Turkey

AU - Sahan,Merve

AU - Kucuker,Mehmet Ali

AU - Demirel,Burak

AU - Kuchta,Kerstin

AU - Hursthouse,Andrew

PY - 2019/3/11

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N2 - Waste mobile phones constitute one of the fastest growing Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) types all over the world due to technological innovations and shortening of their life span. They contain a complex mix of various materials, such as basic metals, precious metals and rare earth elements and represent an important secondary raw metal source. The main objectives of this study were to characterize the metal concentration of waste mobile phones by optimizing the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) operation parameters and estimate the metal recovery potential of waste mobile phones in Turkey. Therefore, selected mobile phone samples collected from a recycling center in Turkey were analyzed to determine their metal concentrations. Then, the theoretical recovery potentials of precious and rare earth metals from waste mobile phones were estimated for Turkey. The analytical methods optimized in this study can help further research activities to obtain comprehensive data for determination of the critical metals (precious metals and rare earth elements) in WEEE samples so that proper recycling and recovery strategies can be selected and implemented.

AB - Waste mobile phones constitute one of the fastest growing Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) types all over the world due to technological innovations and shortening of their life span. They contain a complex mix of various materials, such as basic metals, precious metals and rare earth elements and represent an important secondary raw metal source. The main objectives of this study were to characterize the metal concentration of waste mobile phones by optimizing the inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES) operation parameters and estimate the metal recovery potential of waste mobile phones in Turkey. Therefore, selected mobile phone samples collected from a recycling center in Turkey were analyzed to determine their metal concentrations. Then, the theoretical recovery potentials of precious and rare earth metals from waste mobile phones were estimated for Turkey. The analytical methods optimized in this study can help further research activities to obtain comprehensive data for determination of the critical metals (precious metals and rare earth elements) in WEEE samples so that proper recycling and recovery strategies can be selected and implemented.

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KW - precious metals

KW - rare earth elements

KW - recovery potential

KW - WEEE

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