Cytotoxic potential of phenolic glycosides from Stipagrostis plumosa

Majed Bawazeer, Mohamed A. A. Orabi, Mohammed Yaseen, Mohamed Salaheldin A. Abdelkader*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Chemical analysis of the aqueous and n-butanol fractions of methanolic extract of Stipagrostis plumosa Munro ex T.Anderson, Poaceae, aerial parts led to isolation of seven known phenolic glycosides 3,4′-dihydroxypropiophenone-3-O-β-D-glucoside, 5′-methoxy-3,4′-dihydroxypropiophenone-3-O-β-D-glucoside, 3′5′-dimethoxy-3,4′-dihydroxypropiophenone-3-O-β-D-glucoside, 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl-β-D-glucopyranose, tricin-7-O-rutinoside, tricin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, and apigenin-6-C-α-L-arabinopyranosyl-8-C-β-D-glucopyranoside. The cytotoxic activity of the isolates, expressed as IC50, was assessed against five different tumor cell lines (JEG-3, HeLa, MCF-7, NCI-H295R, and Hep-G2), cancer like cells (MCF-10A), and normal cells (HDFa) using tamoxifen as a reference drug. All tested compounds exhibited promising activity against JEG-3 cell line as compared to the reference tamoxifen. Fluorescence imaging study indicated the disruption of cell nucleus and lower integrity of F-actin filament, suggesting a potential two-phase cytotoxicity mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)842-847
Number of pages6
JournalRevista Brasileira de Farmacognosia
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2021


  • cell lysis
  • F-actin filament disruption
  • flavonoids
  • monocotyledon
  • phenolic glycosides
  • proliferation assay


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