Cryogenic mechanical loss measurements of heat-treated hafnium dioxide

M. R. Abernathy, S. Reid, E. Chalkley, R. Bassiri, I. W. Martin, K. Evans, M. M. Fejer, A. Gretarsson, G. M. Harry, J. Hough, I. MacLaren, A. Markosyan, P. Murray, R. Nawrodt, S. Penn, R. Route, S. Rowan, P. Seidel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Low mechanical loss, high index-of-refraction thin-film coating materials are of particular interest to the gravitational wave detection community, where reduced mirror coating thermal noise in gravitational wave detectors is desirable. Current studies are focused on understanding the loss of amorphous metal oxides such as SiO(2), Ta(2)O(5) and HfO(2). Here, we report recent measurements of the temperature dependence of the mechanical loss of ion-beam sputtered hafnium dioxide (HfO(2)) coatings that have undergone heat treatment. The results indicate that, even when partially crystallized, these coatings have lower loss than amorphous Ta(2)O(5) films below similar to 100 K and that their loss exhibits some features which are heat-treatment dependent in the temperature range of similar to 100-200 K, with higher heat treatment yielding lower mechanical loss. The potential for using silica doping of hafnia coatings to prevent crystallization is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number195017
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Volume28
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

Cite this

Abernathy, M. R., Reid, S., Chalkley, E., Bassiri, R., Martin, I. W., Evans, K., ... Seidel, P. (2011). Cryogenic mechanical loss measurements of heat-treated hafnium dioxide. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 28(19), [195017]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/28/19/195017
Abernathy, M. R. ; Reid, S. ; Chalkley, E. ; Bassiri, R. ; Martin, I. W. ; Evans, K. ; Fejer, M. M. ; Gretarsson, A. ; Harry, G. M. ; Hough, J. ; MacLaren, I. ; Markosyan, A. ; Murray, P. ; Nawrodt, R. ; Penn, S. ; Route, R. ; Rowan, S. ; Seidel, P. / Cryogenic mechanical loss measurements of heat-treated hafnium dioxide. In: Classical and Quantum Gravity. 2011 ; Vol. 28, No. 19.
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Abernathy, MR, Reid, S, Chalkley, E, Bassiri, R, Martin, IW, Evans, K, Fejer, MM, Gretarsson, A, Harry, GM, Hough, J, MacLaren, I, Markosyan, A, Murray, P, Nawrodt, R, Penn, S, Route, R, Rowan, S & Seidel, P 2011, 'Cryogenic mechanical loss measurements of heat-treated hafnium dioxide', Classical and Quantum Gravity, vol. 28, no. 19, 195017. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/28/19/195017

Cryogenic mechanical loss measurements of heat-treated hafnium dioxide. / Abernathy, M. R.; Reid, S.; Chalkley, E.; Bassiri, R.; Martin, I. W.; Evans, K.; Fejer, M. M.; Gretarsson, A.; Harry, G. M.; Hough, J.; MacLaren, I.; Markosyan, A.; Murray, P.; Nawrodt, R.; Penn, S.; Route, R.; Rowan, S.; Seidel, P.

In: Classical and Quantum Gravity, Vol. 28, No. 19, 195017, 14.09.2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cryogenic mechanical loss measurements of heat-treated hafnium dioxide

AU - Abernathy, M. R.

AU - Reid, S.

AU - Chalkley, E.

AU - Bassiri, R.

AU - Martin, I. W.

AU - Evans, K.

AU - Fejer, M. M.

AU - Gretarsson, A.

AU - Harry, G. M.

AU - Hough, J.

AU - MacLaren, I.

AU - Markosyan, A.

AU - Murray, P.

AU - Nawrodt, R.

AU - Penn, S.

AU - Route, R.

AU - Rowan, S.

AU - Seidel, P.

PY - 2011/9/14

Y1 - 2011/9/14

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AB - Low mechanical loss, high index-of-refraction thin-film coating materials are of particular interest to the gravitational wave detection community, where reduced mirror coating thermal noise in gravitational wave detectors is desirable. Current studies are focused on understanding the loss of amorphous metal oxides such as SiO(2), Ta(2)O(5) and HfO(2). Here, we report recent measurements of the temperature dependence of the mechanical loss of ion-beam sputtered hafnium dioxide (HfO(2)) coatings that have undergone heat treatment. The results indicate that, even when partially crystallized, these coatings have lower loss than amorphous Ta(2)O(5) films below similar to 100 K and that their loss exhibits some features which are heat-treatment dependent in the temperature range of similar to 100-200 K, with higher heat treatment yielding lower mechanical loss. The potential for using silica doping of hafnia coatings to prevent crystallization is discussed.

U2 - 10.1088/0264-9381/28/19/195017

DO - 10.1088/0264-9381/28/19/195017

M3 - Article

VL - 28

JO - Classical and Quantum Gravity

JF - Classical and Quantum Gravity

SN - 0264-9381

IS - 19

M1 - 195017

ER -

Abernathy MR, Reid S, Chalkley E, Bassiri R, Martin IW, Evans K et al. Cryogenic mechanical loss measurements of heat-treated hafnium dioxide. Classical and Quantum Gravity. 2011 Sep 14;28(19). 195017. https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/28/19/195017