Coverage gain and device-to-device user density: stochastic geometry modeling and analysis

Hafiz A. Mustafa, Muhammad Z. Shakir, Muhammad A. Imran, Ali Imran, Rahim Tafazolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Device-to-device (D2D) communication has huge potential for capacity and coverage enhancements for next generation cellular networks. The number of potential nodes for D2D communication is an important parameter that directly impacts the system capacity. In this letter, we derive an analytic expression for average coverage probability of cellular user and corresponding number of potential D2D users. In this context, mature framework of stochastic geometry and Poisson point process have been used. The retention probability has been incorporated in Laplace functional to capture reduced path-loss and shortest distance criterion based D2D pairing. The numerical results show a close match between analytic expression and simulation setup.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1742-1745
JournalIEEE Communications Letters
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • D2D user density
  • marked PPP
  • retention probability
  • average coverage probability


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