Correlation of Ca/Si and micromechanical properties in leached grey and white cement pastes

Torsten Howind, John Hughes, Wenzhong Zhu

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Abstract

Grey and white Portland cement pastes were prepared and hydrated for 28 days and then partially calcium leached in a 6M ammonium nitrate solution. The samples were then subjected to micromechanical and compositional analysis. Polished surfaces were interrogated using nanoindentation for Young’s Modulus and Hardness. Indents and hydration structures were then imaged in a FESEM, and EDS applied for elemental analysis across a traverse from the exterior to interior of the samples to ascertain the degree of change to Ca/Si in non-degraded and degraded portions of samples. A good agreement is seen between Ca/Si and mechanical properties. The microstructure of the degraded parts shows evidence of increased porosity and alteration to unhydrated binder components. Adequate sample preparation was a critical factor for nanoindentation, to ensure high flatness of the sample surface prior to testing. This results also in an improvement in SEM imaging, and phase discrimination.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy - Halle, Germany
Duration: 1 Apr 20124 Apr 2012

Conference

Conference34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy
CountryGermany
CityHalle
Period1/04/124/04/12

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Nanoindentation
Cements
Portland cement
Hydration
Binders
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Calcium
Nitrates
Porosity
Elastic moduli
Hardness
Imaging techniques
Mechanical properties
Microstructure
Scanning electron microscopy
Testing
Chemical analysis

Cite this

Howind, T., Hughes, J., & Zhu, W. (2012). Correlation of Ca/Si and micromechanical properties in leached grey and white cement pastes. Paper presented at 34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy, Halle, Germany.
Howind, Torsten ; Hughes, John ; Zhu, Wenzhong. / Correlation of Ca/Si and micromechanical properties in leached grey and white cement pastes. Paper presented at 34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy, Halle, Germany.
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abstract = "Grey and white Portland cement pastes were prepared and hydrated for 28 days and then partially calcium leached in a 6M ammonium nitrate solution. The samples were then subjected to micromechanical and compositional analysis. Polished surfaces were interrogated using nanoindentation for Young’s Modulus and Hardness. Indents and hydration structures were then imaged in a FESEM, and EDS applied for elemental analysis across a traverse from the exterior to interior of the samples to ascertain the degree of change to Ca/Si in non-degraded and degraded portions of samples. A good agreement is seen between Ca/Si and mechanical properties. The microstructure of the degraded parts shows evidence of increased porosity and alteration to unhydrated binder components. Adequate sample preparation was a critical factor for nanoindentation, to ensure high flatness of the sample surface prior to testing. This results also in an improvement in SEM imaging, and phase discrimination.",
author = "Torsten Howind and John Hughes and Wenzhong Zhu",
year = "2012",
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note = "34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy ; Conference date: 01-04-2012 Through 04-04-2012",

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Howind, T, Hughes, J & Zhu, W 2012, 'Correlation of Ca/Si and micromechanical properties in leached grey and white cement pastes' Paper presented at 34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy, Halle, Germany, 1/04/12 - 4/04/12, .

Correlation of Ca/Si and micromechanical properties in leached grey and white cement pastes. / Howind, Torsten; Hughes, John; Zhu, Wenzhong.

2012. Paper presented at 34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy, Halle, Germany.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Correlation of Ca/Si and micromechanical properties in leached grey and white cement pastes

AU - Howind, Torsten

AU - Hughes, John

AU - Zhu, Wenzhong

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Grey and white Portland cement pastes were prepared and hydrated for 28 days and then partially calcium leached in a 6M ammonium nitrate solution. The samples were then subjected to micromechanical and compositional analysis. Polished surfaces were interrogated using nanoindentation for Young’s Modulus and Hardness. Indents and hydration structures were then imaged in a FESEM, and EDS applied for elemental analysis across a traverse from the exterior to interior of the samples to ascertain the degree of change to Ca/Si in non-degraded and degraded portions of samples. A good agreement is seen between Ca/Si and mechanical properties. The microstructure of the degraded parts shows evidence of increased porosity and alteration to unhydrated binder components. Adequate sample preparation was a critical factor for nanoindentation, to ensure high flatness of the sample surface prior to testing. This results also in an improvement in SEM imaging, and phase discrimination.

AB - Grey and white Portland cement pastes were prepared and hydrated for 28 days and then partially calcium leached in a 6M ammonium nitrate solution. The samples were then subjected to micromechanical and compositional analysis. Polished surfaces were interrogated using nanoindentation for Young’s Modulus and Hardness. Indents and hydration structures were then imaged in a FESEM, and EDS applied for elemental analysis across a traverse from the exterior to interior of the samples to ascertain the degree of change to Ca/Si in non-degraded and degraded portions of samples. A good agreement is seen between Ca/Si and mechanical properties. The microstructure of the degraded parts shows evidence of increased porosity and alteration to unhydrated binder components. Adequate sample preparation was a critical factor for nanoindentation, to ensure high flatness of the sample surface prior to testing. This results also in an improvement in SEM imaging, and phase discrimination.

M3 - Paper

ER -

Howind T, Hughes J, Zhu W. Correlation of Ca/Si and micromechanical properties in leached grey and white cement pastes. 2012. Paper presented at 34th International Conference on Cement Microscopy, Halle, Germany.