The aim of this study was to examine the effect of supra-maximal exercise on circulating concentrations of salivary testosterone, salivary cortisol, and salivary immunoglobulin A in female adolescents. Nineteen apparently healthy females aged 15-16 years participated in this study. All participants completed 6x8s sprints, interspersed with 30s recovery intervals on a cycle ergometer. Salivary testosterone, cortisol, and immunoglobulin A samples were taken before and 5min after exercise. Experimental procedures continued over two mornings, at least 3h after a light breakfast. Participants refrained from performing any strenuous physical activity for at least 24h prior to the exercise test. None of the participants were engaged in a structured training programme. The group mean (+/- s) for peak power output was 562 +/- 113.0W. Female adolescents recruited for this study showed no changes in salivary testosterone, cortisol or immunoglobulin A following repeated bouts of supra-maximal cycling (P0.05). To date, there has been a paucity of information concerning adolescents' hormonal and mucosal immune function responses to supra-maximal exercise. Our data provide further guidance with regard to physical activities and sports prescription for female adolescents. Further research, on a larger sample of females, is required to elucidate the physiological significance of these findings.
- immunoglobulin A
Thomas, N. E., Leyshon, A., Hughes, M. G., Jasper, M. A., Davies, B., Graham, M. R., Bulloch, J. M., & Baker, J. S. (2010). Concentrations of salivary testosterone, cortisol, and immunoglobulin A after supra-maximal exercise in female adolescents. Journal of Sports Sciences, 28(12), 1361-1368. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.510144