Classical Dressage: A Systemic Analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper reports on an application of systems theory to a complex area of human endeavor, Classical Dressage. The area is well represented in a rich literature dating back to the time of Xenophon (c.380BC) and has many practitioners worldwide today. The paper offers a description of Classical Dressage theory and practice presented through a number of systems concepts and illustrated by means of systems tools. The analysis, which is conducted in line with the author's interpretive systems background, illustrates how Classical Dressage can be seen as not only being concerned with the ‘correct' training and riding of horses but also about the personal development of the trainer/rider. The paper concludes by presenting a description of the component parts of a ‘classical' or ‘academic' approach to equitation. Throughout, examples from the classical equitation literature are provided to illustrate the analysis presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-43
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Systems and Society (IJSS)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


Dive into the research topics of 'Classical Dressage: A Systemic Analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this