Chronic Disease and Mental Health Perception

Claudia Chaves, João Duarte, Paula Nelas, Emilia Coutinho, Maria Martins, Paulo Vale, Mariana Teixeira, Tiago Paiva, Sandra Tricas-Sauras, Angela Kydd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The sociodemographic characteristics of individuals with chronic disease(s) and the presence of impaired mental health need further attention as indicated by WHO. This is particularly relevant in primary settings and for specific populations as those with an ageing condition. The purpose of this study was to examine the self–assessed perceptions of mental health status of participants who visited a Health Centre. A quantitative study was conducted. A purposive sample (n=1336) of users attending a Portuguese Health Centre were asked to complete a series of questionnaires. One on socio–demographic information, one on the presence of chronic disease(s), one on self–perception of wellbeing, plus Goldberg’s (1979) General Health Questionnaire (GHQ–28). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS V20). Multiple analyses were conducted. Of the 1336 participants, 63.5% were female. The average age of the total sample was 52 (sd: 17.77) and 929 presented with 1 or more chronic illnesses (mean: 1.47 in women and 1.34 for men). The variables associated with a greater likelihood of self–reported mental health and chronic disease were female gender (63%), recurring visits (4 or more) to their GP during the past year (48.4%) and presence of 2 or more chronic diseases. Inferential analysis showed a statistically significant association with the GHQ–28 scores. The study findings suggest that chronic diseases and mental health self–perception appear to be associated. Better strategies to facilitate early identification of compromised mental health in chronic patients should be implemented. Further research on this topic is suggested.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHumanities and Social Sciences Review
Volume3
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Mental Health
Chronic Disease
Health
Social Sciences
Health Status
Research
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

Chaves, C., Duarte, J., Nelas, P., Coutinho, E., Martins, M., Vale, P., ... Kydd, A. (2014). Chronic Disease and Mental Health Perception. Humanities and Social Sciences Review, 3(1).
Chaves, Claudia ; Duarte, João ; Nelas, Paula ; Coutinho, Emilia ; Martins, Maria ; Vale, Paulo ; Teixeira, Mariana ; Paiva, Tiago ; Tricas-Sauras, Sandra ; Kydd, Angela. / Chronic Disease and Mental Health Perception. In: Humanities and Social Sciences Review. 2014 ; Vol. 3, No. 1.
@article{47a8bec02b0948ea9ce8e6f20f21919c,
title = "Chronic Disease and Mental Health Perception",
abstract = "The sociodemographic characteristics of individuals with chronic disease(s) and the presence of impaired mental health need further attention as indicated by WHO. This is particularly relevant in primary settings and for specific populations as those with an ageing condition. The purpose of this study was to examine the self–assessed perceptions of mental health status of participants who visited a Health Centre. A quantitative study was conducted. A purposive sample (n=1336) of users attending a Portuguese Health Centre were asked to complete a series of questionnaires. One on socio–demographic information, one on the presence of chronic disease(s), one on self–perception of wellbeing, plus Goldberg’s (1979) General Health Questionnaire (GHQ–28). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS V20). Multiple analyses were conducted. Of the 1336 participants, 63.5{\%} were female. The average age of the total sample was 52 (sd: 17.77) and 929 presented with 1 or more chronic illnesses (mean: 1.47 in women and 1.34 for men). The variables associated with a greater likelihood of self–reported mental health and chronic disease were female gender (63{\%}), recurring visits (4 or more) to their GP during the past year (48.4{\%}) and presence of 2 or more chronic diseases. Inferential analysis showed a statistically significant association with the GHQ–28 scores. The study findings suggest that chronic diseases and mental health self–perception appear to be associated. Better strategies to facilitate early identification of compromised mental health in chronic patients should be implemented. Further research on this topic is suggested.",
author = "Claudia Chaves and Jo{\~a}o Duarte and Paula Nelas and Emilia Coutinho and Maria Martins and Paulo Vale and Mariana Teixeira and Tiago Paiva and Sandra Tricas-Sauras and Angela Kydd",
year = "2014",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
journal = "Humanities and Social Sciences Review",
issn = "2165-6258",
publisher = "UniversityPublications.net",
number = "1",

}

Chaves, C, Duarte, J, Nelas, P, Coutinho, E, Martins, M, Vale, P, Teixeira, M, Paiva, T, Tricas-Sauras, S & Kydd, A 2014, 'Chronic Disease and Mental Health Perception' Humanities and Social Sciences Review, vol. 3, no. 1.

Chronic Disease and Mental Health Perception. / Chaves, Claudia; Duarte, João; Nelas, Paula; Coutinho, Emilia; Martins, Maria; Vale, Paulo; Teixeira, Mariana; Paiva, Tiago; Tricas-Sauras, Sandra; Kydd, Angela.

In: Humanities and Social Sciences Review, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chronic Disease and Mental Health Perception

AU - Chaves, Claudia

AU - Duarte, João

AU - Nelas, Paula

AU - Coutinho, Emilia

AU - Martins, Maria

AU - Vale, Paulo

AU - Teixeira, Mariana

AU - Paiva, Tiago

AU - Tricas-Sauras, Sandra

AU - Kydd, Angela

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - The sociodemographic characteristics of individuals with chronic disease(s) and the presence of impaired mental health need further attention as indicated by WHO. This is particularly relevant in primary settings and for specific populations as those with an ageing condition. The purpose of this study was to examine the self–assessed perceptions of mental health status of participants who visited a Health Centre. A quantitative study was conducted. A purposive sample (n=1336) of users attending a Portuguese Health Centre were asked to complete a series of questionnaires. One on socio–demographic information, one on the presence of chronic disease(s), one on self–perception of wellbeing, plus Goldberg’s (1979) General Health Questionnaire (GHQ–28). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS V20). Multiple analyses were conducted. Of the 1336 participants, 63.5% were female. The average age of the total sample was 52 (sd: 17.77) and 929 presented with 1 or more chronic illnesses (mean: 1.47 in women and 1.34 for men). The variables associated with a greater likelihood of self–reported mental health and chronic disease were female gender (63%), recurring visits (4 or more) to their GP during the past year (48.4%) and presence of 2 or more chronic diseases. Inferential analysis showed a statistically significant association with the GHQ–28 scores. The study findings suggest that chronic diseases and mental health self–perception appear to be associated. Better strategies to facilitate early identification of compromised mental health in chronic patients should be implemented. Further research on this topic is suggested.

AB - The sociodemographic characteristics of individuals with chronic disease(s) and the presence of impaired mental health need further attention as indicated by WHO. This is particularly relevant in primary settings and for specific populations as those with an ageing condition. The purpose of this study was to examine the self–assessed perceptions of mental health status of participants who visited a Health Centre. A quantitative study was conducted. A purposive sample (n=1336) of users attending a Portuguese Health Centre were asked to complete a series of questionnaires. One on socio–demographic information, one on the presence of chronic disease(s), one on self–perception of wellbeing, plus Goldberg’s (1979) General Health Questionnaire (GHQ–28). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS V20). Multiple analyses were conducted. Of the 1336 participants, 63.5% were female. The average age of the total sample was 52 (sd: 17.77) and 929 presented with 1 or more chronic illnesses (mean: 1.47 in women and 1.34 for men). The variables associated with a greater likelihood of self–reported mental health and chronic disease were female gender (63%), recurring visits (4 or more) to their GP during the past year (48.4%) and presence of 2 or more chronic diseases. Inferential analysis showed a statistically significant association with the GHQ–28 scores. The study findings suggest that chronic diseases and mental health self–perception appear to be associated. Better strategies to facilitate early identification of compromised mental health in chronic patients should be implemented. Further research on this topic is suggested.

M3 - Article

VL - 3

JO - Humanities and Social Sciences Review

JF - Humanities and Social Sciences Review

SN - 2165-6258

IS - 1

ER -

Chaves C, Duarte J, Nelas P, Coutinho E, Martins M, Vale P et al. Chronic Disease and Mental Health Perception. Humanities and Social Sciences Review. 2014;3(1).