Cardiac response to exercise in normal ageing: what can we learn from masters athletes?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background
Ageing is associated with a progressive decline in cardiac and vascular health, resulting in an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lifestyle factors such as exercise have emerged as a primary therapeutic target in the prevention of CVD, yet older individuals are frequently reported as being the least active, with 1 in four adults failing to meet the physical activity guidelines. In contrast, well trained older individuals (Masters athletes) have superior functional capacity than their sedentary peers and are often comparable with young non-athletes. Therefore, the decline commonly observed in untrained older individuals overestimates the decline due to age per se and masters athletes represent a viable model by which to determine the degree to which functional capacity may be maintained, and the extent of the unavoidable 'true' reduction in functional capacity due to ageing.

Conclusion
This review examines evidence from observational studies which have compared well trained older athletes, with age matched, sedentary, but otherwise healthy controls, and the consequences on cardiac structure and function are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-253
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reviews
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Aug 2018

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Athletes
Exercise
Cardiovascular Diseases
Observational Studies
Blood Vessels
Life Style
Guidelines
Health
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • systolic function
  • diastolic function
  • cardiac remodelling
  • healthy ageing
  • athletes
  • cardiac response

Cite this

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title = "Cardiac response to exercise in normal ageing: what can we learn from masters athletes?",
abstract = "BackgroundAgeing is associated with a progressive decline in cardiac and vascular health, resulting in an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lifestyle factors such as exercise have emerged as a primary therapeutic target in the prevention of CVD, yet older individuals are frequently reported as being the least active, with 1 in four adults failing to meet the physical activity guidelines. In contrast, well trained older individuals (Masters athletes) have superior functional capacity than their sedentary peers and are often comparable with young non-athletes. Therefore, the decline commonly observed in untrained older individuals overestimates the decline due to age per se and masters athletes represent a viable model by which to determine the degree to which functional capacity may be maintained, and the extent of the unavoidable 'true' reduction in functional capacity due to ageing.ConclusionThis review examines evidence from observational studies which have compared well trained older athletes, with age matched, sedentary, but otherwise healthy controls, and the consequences on cardiac structure and function are discussed.",
keywords = "systolic function, diastolic function, cardiac remodelling, healthy ageing, athletes, cardiac response",
author = "A. Beaumont and A. Campbell and F. Grace and N. Sculthorpe",
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Cardiac response to exercise in normal ageing : what can we learn from masters athletes? / Beaumont, A.; Campbell, A.; Grace, F.; Sculthorpe, N.

In: Current Cardiology Reviews, Vol. 14, No. 4, 28.08.2018, p. 245-253.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cardiac response to exercise in normal ageing

T2 - what can we learn from masters athletes?

AU - Beaumont, A.

AU - Campbell, A.

AU - Grace, F.

AU - Sculthorpe, N.

PY - 2018/8/28

Y1 - 2018/8/28

N2 - BackgroundAgeing is associated with a progressive decline in cardiac and vascular health, resulting in an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lifestyle factors such as exercise have emerged as a primary therapeutic target in the prevention of CVD, yet older individuals are frequently reported as being the least active, with 1 in four adults failing to meet the physical activity guidelines. In contrast, well trained older individuals (Masters athletes) have superior functional capacity than their sedentary peers and are often comparable with young non-athletes. Therefore, the decline commonly observed in untrained older individuals overestimates the decline due to age per se and masters athletes represent a viable model by which to determine the degree to which functional capacity may be maintained, and the extent of the unavoidable 'true' reduction in functional capacity due to ageing.ConclusionThis review examines evidence from observational studies which have compared well trained older athletes, with age matched, sedentary, but otherwise healthy controls, and the consequences on cardiac structure and function are discussed.

AB - BackgroundAgeing is associated with a progressive decline in cardiac and vascular health, resulting in an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Lifestyle factors such as exercise have emerged as a primary therapeutic target in the prevention of CVD, yet older individuals are frequently reported as being the least active, with 1 in four adults failing to meet the physical activity guidelines. In contrast, well trained older individuals (Masters athletes) have superior functional capacity than their sedentary peers and are often comparable with young non-athletes. Therefore, the decline commonly observed in untrained older individuals overestimates the decline due to age per se and masters athletes represent a viable model by which to determine the degree to which functional capacity may be maintained, and the extent of the unavoidable 'true' reduction in functional capacity due to ageing.ConclusionThis review examines evidence from observational studies which have compared well trained older athletes, with age matched, sedentary, but otherwise healthy controls, and the consequences on cardiac structure and function are discussed.

KW - systolic function

KW - diastolic function

KW - cardiac remodelling

KW - healthy ageing

KW - athletes

KW - cardiac response

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ER -