Cardiac rehabilitation improves the blood plasma properties of cardiac patients

Krzysztof Gwoździński, Anna Pieniążek, Jan Czepas, Joanna Brzeszczyńska, Anna Jegier, Lucjan Pawlicki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves exercise tolerance and general function. However, its effects on blood plasma in cardiac patients remain uncertain. Our aim was to examine the effect of comprehensive CR on the oxidative stress parameters and antioxidant plasma status in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after cardiac interventions. Exercise-based rehabilitation was established as ergometer training, adjusted for individual patients’ physical efficiency. Training was repeated three times a week for two months. The standard biochemical (total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglycerides and erythrocyte sedimentation rate) and metabolic parameters (peak oxygen uptake [VO2] and peak workload) were determined. We assessed plasma viscosity, lipid peroxidation, carbonyl compounds levels, glutathione (GSH) and ascorbate (ASC) levels and the non-enzymatic antioxidant capacity of plasma in 12 patients with CAD before and after CR. Parameters were examined before exercise, immediately after exercise, and 1 h later. We also compared morphological and biochemical parameters of blood, as well as other parameters such as heart rate and blood pressure (resting and exercise), VO2max and peak workload (W) before and after CR. Before CR, a significant decrease in GSH concentration was observed 1 h after exercise. Conversely, after CR, GSH, and ASC levels remained unchanged immediately after exercise. However, ASC increased after CR after exercise and 1 h later in comparison to before CR. There was a significant increase in ferric reduction ability of plasma immediately after exercise after CR, when compared with before CR. CR improved several blood biochemical parameters, peak VO2, induced an increase in systolic blood pressure peak, and patients’ peak workload. After CR, improvements were detected in oxidative stress parameters, except in the level of carbonyls. These changes may contribute to the increased functional heart capacity and better tolerance to exercise and functional capacity of the patients. These improvements could indicate better prognosis of future cardiac events and hospitalization and better quality of life.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1997-2006
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Biology and Medicine
Issue number17
Early online date12 Jul 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Cardiac intervention
  • Exercise training
  • Blood plasma
  • Oxidative stress


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