Bond and interfacial properties of reinforcement in self-compacting concrete

W. Zhu, M. Sonebi, P.J.M. Bartos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

99 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports a study carried out to assess the impact of the use of self-compacting concrete (SCC) on bond and interfacial properties around steel reinforcement in practical concrete element. The pull-out tests were carried out to determine bond strength between reinforcing steel bar and concrete, and the depth-sensing nano-indentation technique was used to evaluate the elastic modulus and micro-strength of the interfacial transition zone (ITZ) around steel reinforcement. The bond and interfacial properties around deformed steel bars in different SCC mixes with strength grades of 35 MPa and 60 MPa (C35, C60) were examined together with those in conventional vibrated reference concrete with the same strength grades. 

The results showed that the maximum bond strength decreased when the diameter of the steel bar increased from 12 to 20 mm. The normalised bond strengths of the SCC mixes were found to be about 10-40% higher than those of the reference mixes for both bar diameters (12 and 20 mm). The study of the interfacial properties revealed that the elastic modulus and the micro-strength of the ITZ were lower on the bottom side of a horizontal steel bar than on the top side, particularly for the vibrated reference concrete. The difference of ITZ properties between top and bottom side of the horizontal steel bar appeared to be less pronounced for the SCC mixes than for the corresponding reference mixes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-448
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Issue number271
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2004


Dive into the research topics of 'Bond and interfacial properties of reinforcement in self-compacting concrete'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this