Bio-guided isolation of antimalarial metabolites from the coculture of two red sea sponge-derived Actinokineospora and Rhodococcus spp.

Hani A. Alhadrami, Bathini Thissera, Marwa H. A. Hassan, Fathy A. Behery, Che Julius Ngwa, Hossam M. Hassan, Gabriele Pradel, Usama Ramadan Abdelmohsen*, Mostafa E. Rateb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Coculture is a productive technique to trigger microbes’ biosynthetic capacity by mimicking the natural habitats’ features principally by competition for food and space and interspecies cross-talks. Mixed cultivation of two Red Sea-derived actinobacteria, Actinokineospora spheciospongiae strain EG49 and Rhodococcus sp. UR59, resulted in the induction of several non-traced metabolites in their axenic cultures, which were detected using LC–HRMS metabolomics analysis. Antimalarial guided isolation of the cocultured fermentation led to the isolation of the angucyclines actinosporins E (1), H (2), G (3), tetragulol (5) and the anthraquinone capillasterquinone B (6), which were not reported under axenic conditions. Interestingly, actinosporins were previously induced when the axenic culture of the Actinokineospora spheciospongiae strain EG49 was treated with signalling molecule N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (GluNAc); this finding confirmed the effectiveness of coculture in the discovery of microbial metabolites yet to be discovered in the axenic fermentation with the potential that could be comparable to adding chemical signalling molecules in the fermentation flask. The isolated angucycline and anthraquinone compounds exhibited in vitro antimalarial activity and good biding affinity against lysyl-tRNA synthetase (PfKRS1), highlighting their potential developability as new antimalarial structural motif.
Original languageEnglish
Article number109
Number of pages14
JournalMarine Drugs
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Actinokineospora
  • Rhodococcus
  • co-culture
  • metabolomics
  • antimalarial
  • docking

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