Analyzing the effect of an arch support functional insole on walking and jogging in young, healthy females

Xiaoxue Zhao, Meizi Wang, Gusztáv Fekete, Julien Baker, Huw Wiltshire, Yaodong Gu

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effectiveness of arch support functional insoles to prevent metatarsalgia.

METHOD: 25 healthy females participated in the study. A Vicon motion capture system was used to collect kinematics data of the lower limb. A AMTI force plate was used to record the vertical ground reaction force (GRF), and the Novel Pedar - X System was used to measure foot pressure while subjects wore normal insoles or functional insoles with an arch support during walking and jogging.

RESULTS: With the arch support functional insoles, the first metatarsal (FM) region’s contact area was increased and the peak pressure and time-pressure integral of the FM and second and third metatarsal (SATM) areas were decreased. This suggests less risk of longitude stress injuries of these areas. The ankle dorsiflexion angle of jogging with the ‘arch support functional insoles’ (RF) and walking with the ‘arch support functional insoles’ (WF) were significantly increased at initial contact and the knee and hip flexion angle of RF and WF were reduced. The peak hip extension angle of WF and RF also declined. The vertical loading rate of RF was lower, which would be beneficial in reducing the risk of lower limb injuries during jogging.

CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that arch support functional insoles can be used effectively to prevent and decrease pain and promote a suitable weight-bearing pattern in the foot for promoting the health of young females.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalTechnology and Health Care
Early online date12 Nov 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Nov 2018


  • arch support
  • insoles
  • gait
  • biomechanics


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