Green innovation has become an important combination of high-quality economic growth and ecological sustainability. In this paper, the super-efficiency network SBM model was used to measure the two-stage green innovation efficiency of the industrial technology research and development (R&D) stage and achievement transformation stage in China (30 provinces and cities) from 2009 to 2019. The results show the following points. Firstly, in terms of temporal series, the efficiency of technology R&D and achievement transformation has experienced three stages of “upward-declining-revitalized period”. Secondly, in terms of spatial trend, the industrial green innovation efficiency gradually increases from northwest to southeast. The high-efficiency areas are still concentrated in the eastern coastal region, with a clear trend towards balanced development in the central and western regions. Finally, openness, industrial structure, government technical expenditures, enterprise scale, and environmental regulation all have different degrees of impact on the efficiency of green innovation in the two stages. Based on the above, this paper is helpful for the government to formulate laws and regulations and coordinate the level of regional economic development and clarify the spatio-temporal characteristics and influencing factors of the efficiency of green innovation.
- industrial green innovation efficiency
- innovation value chain perspective
- super-efficient network SBM model
- spatial Dubin model
- technology R efficiency
- achievement transformation efficiency