An integrative review of the use of the concept of reassurance in clinical practice

Samuel Akyirem*, Yakubu Salifu, Jonathan Bayuo, Precious Adade Duodu, Irene Fosuhemaa Bossman, Mary Abboah-Offei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

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Abstract

Aim
To synthesize evidence on the concept of reassurance in nursing practice.

Design
Integrative review.

Review Method
PubMed, OVID MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched from their inception to the 30 May 2020. The search results were screened. We assessed the quality of primary studies using the Mixed Method Appraisal Tool. Included studies were analysed using narrative synthesis. The review protocol was pre-registered (PROSPERO-CRD42020186962).

Results
Thirty-two papers out of the 2,771 search results met our inclusion criteria. The synthesis of evidence generated three intricate themes, namely “antecedents of reassurance,” “defining attributes of reassurance” and “outcomes of reassurance.” Emotional distress was the main antecedent of reassurance. The three sub-themes identified under defining attributes of reassurance include self-awareness, emotional connectedness and verbal and non-verbal techniques. Ultimately, reposing the confidence of patients and their families in healthcare professionals and the care delivery process to enable them to overcome their challenges constitutes the outcomes of reassurance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1515-1535
Number of pages21
JournalNursing Open
Volume9
Issue number3
Early online date11 Mar 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022

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