The private equity and venture capital industry began in the U.S. and then extended worldwide. As it expanded into other markets, there was a deliberate effort to duplicate U.S. industry practices. It is argued that private equity PE/VCcan be considered one of the most effective ways of promoting small and medium enterprises and the economic growth of a nation. However, the success of the PE/VC industry does not occur incidentally, especially in developing countries. This article shows how PE/VC operates in one emerging economy, namely, Egypt. The article concludes with a discussion of the implications for research.