Air pollution, health and government policies: the challenges in improving the air we breathe

Iain McLellan, Gary Litherland (Contributor), Anne Crilly (Contributor), John Lockhart (Contributor)

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

In the UK it is estimated there are approximately 1.2 million people living with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). COPD is the UK's fifth biggest killer; in Scotland it is the only major cause of death to be increasing and approximately 100,000 people are currently living with COPD and accounts for over 122,000 bed days in hospital. It is the second most common cause of emergency admission to hospital and costs the NHS approximately £500 million a year to treat. Despite this, COPD has been described as an invisible disease, with most of the population unaware of its existence or prevalence.

External air pollution, predominately caused by vehicles of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM) costs the UK economy up to £20billion. Exposure to NO2 is thought to be behind increased mortality (23,500 deaths per year) with particulate matter causing 29,000 deaths in the UK. Furthermore, there is growing evidence of the effects PM has on people living with COPD. Particulate Matter is normally described as PM10 (particles smaller than 10μm) and PM2.5 (particles smaller than 2.5μm) It has been reported in the United States that there is an increase in COPD mortality for every 10μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 outdoor levels.

This presentation will focus on air quality and discuss what the Government policies are doing to improve the air we breathe.

Conference

Conference34th Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health International Conference on Sustainable Geochemistry
Abbreviated titleSEGH 2018
CountryZambia
CityLivingstone
Period2/07/187/07/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

pollution policy
health policy
atmospheric pollution
particulate matter
air
mortality
cause of death
nitrogen dioxide
cost
government policy
pulmonary disease
air quality

Keywords

  • air pollution
  • COPD
  • policy
  • particulate matter
  • nitrogen dioxide
  • Air quality

Cite this

McLellan, I., Litherland, G., Crilly, A., & Lockhart, J. (2018). Air pollution, health and government policies: the challenges in improving the air we breathe. 28-28. Poster session presented at 34th Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health International Conference on Sustainable Geochemistry, Livingstone, Zambia.
McLellan, Iain ; Litherland, Gary ; Crilly, Anne ; Lockhart, John. / Air pollution, health and government policies : the challenges in improving the air we breathe. Poster session presented at 34th Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health International Conference on Sustainable Geochemistry, Livingstone, Zambia.1 p.
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McLellan, I, Litherland, G, Crilly, A & Lockhart, J 2018, 'Air pollution, health and government policies: the challenges in improving the air we breathe' 34th Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health International Conference on Sustainable Geochemistry, Livingstone, Zambia, 2/07/18 - 7/07/18, pp. 28-28.

Air pollution, health and government policies : the challenges in improving the air we breathe. / McLellan, Iain; Litherland, Gary (Contributor); Crilly, Anne (Contributor); Lockhart, John (Contributor).

2018. 28-28 Poster session presented at 34th Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health International Conference on Sustainable Geochemistry, Livingstone, Zambia.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

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N2 - In the UK it is estimated there are approximately 1.2 million people living with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). COPD is the UK's fifth biggest killer; in Scotland it is the only major cause of death to be increasing and approximately 100,000 people are currently living with COPD and accounts for over 122,000 bed days in hospital. It is the second most common cause of emergency admission to hospital and costs the NHS approximately £500 million a year to treat. Despite this, COPD has been described as an invisible disease, with most of the population unaware of its existence or prevalence.External air pollution, predominately caused by vehicles of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM) costs the UK economy up to £20billion. Exposure to NO2 is thought to be behind increased mortality (23,500 deaths per year) with particulate matter causing 29,000 deaths in the UK. Furthermore, there is growing evidence of the effects PM has on people living with COPD. Particulate Matter is normally described as PM10 (particles smaller than 10μm) and PM2.5 (particles smaller than 2.5μm) It has been reported in the United States that there is an increase in COPD mortality for every 10μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 outdoor levels.This presentation will focus on air quality and discuss what the Government policies are doing to improve the air we breathe.

AB - In the UK it is estimated there are approximately 1.2 million people living with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). COPD is the UK's fifth biggest killer; in Scotland it is the only major cause of death to be increasing and approximately 100,000 people are currently living with COPD and accounts for over 122,000 bed days in hospital. It is the second most common cause of emergency admission to hospital and costs the NHS approximately £500 million a year to treat. Despite this, COPD has been described as an invisible disease, with most of the population unaware of its existence or prevalence.External air pollution, predominately caused by vehicles of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter (PM) costs the UK economy up to £20billion. Exposure to NO2 is thought to be behind increased mortality (23,500 deaths per year) with particulate matter causing 29,000 deaths in the UK. Furthermore, there is growing evidence of the effects PM has on people living with COPD. Particulate Matter is normally described as PM10 (particles smaller than 10μm) and PM2.5 (particles smaller than 2.5μm) It has been reported in the United States that there is an increase in COPD mortality for every 10μg/m3 increase in PM2.5 outdoor levels.This presentation will focus on air quality and discuss what the Government policies are doing to improve the air we breathe.

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McLellan I, Litherland G, Crilly A, Lockhart J. Air pollution, health and government policies: the challenges in improving the air we breathe. 2018. Poster session presented at 34th Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health International Conference on Sustainable Geochemistry, Livingstone, Zambia.