Achieving Prudent Dementia Care (Palliare): an international policy and practice imperative

Debbie Tolson, Anne Flemming, Elizabeth Hanson, Wilson de Abreu, Manuel Lillo Crespo, Rhoda MacRae, Graham Jackson, Simona Hvalic Touzery, Iva Holmerova, Pirkko Routasalo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper examines the provision of integrated advanced dementia care within seven European countries and critically reviews the potential contribution of the Prudent Healthcare perspective as a starting point for reform. Progressive efforts to innovate, promote quality and integrate care are tempered with the reality of resources constraints. Some policy makers in Europe and North America have turned their attention to the principles of Prudent Healthcare as a potential mechanism to maximise benefits for patients within available resources. As dementia progresses, living well requires increasing levels of support and care, people living with advanced dementia have complex health and social care needs, are highly dependent on others but are not yet at the terminal end stage of the condition. People with advanced dementia can benefit from a dementia specific palliative approach to care (Palliare), that helps them to live the best life possible for the months and often years they live with advanced dementia. It is also highly desirable to align policy innovations with integrated palliative care practice models and the education of the dementia workforce to accelerate informed improvements in advanced dementia care. There may be some coherence, at least superficially between Prudent Healthcare and integrated palliative care models such as Palliare. It is argued that for successful implementation, both require practitioners to be equipped with knowledge and skills and be empowered to deliver high quality care often within impoverished care environments. Adoption of the prudent perspective will however require development of a repertoire of approaches to hear the voice or proxy voice of people living with dementia and to commit to the development and implementation of new evidence for advanced dementia practice. Evidence informing this policy debate draws upon contemporary literature and policy and the findings from research activities undertaken by the Palliare European Partnership supported through the Erasmus+ K2 Strategic Partnerships funding programme.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Integrated Care
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2016


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