A typology of street robbery and gang organisation: insights from qualitative research in Scotland

Simon Harding, Ross Deuchar, James Densley, Robert McLean

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Utilizing interviews with 42 current and ex-street offenders, this study explores the relationship between street gang organization and robbery. Robbery type is affected by level of organization exhibited by the gang. For recreational and territorial young street gangs, robbery is opportunistic, occurring in a diffuse manner, and conducted individually, even when others are present as ‘backup’. For criminal gangs, robbery is often planned in advance with proceeds of crime divided more evenly amongst group members. Serious Organized Crime gangs are typically more specialized; thus, robbery may often be the gang’s main ‘occupation’. For organized crime groups, robbery most often occurs in the illegitimate market, but can be aimed at legitimate and highly profitable institutions. We make sense of these findings with reference to street capital theory and present implications for future research and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)879-897
Number of pages19
JournalThe British Journal of Criminology; An International Review of Crime and Society
Volume59
Issue number4
Early online date14 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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Qualitative Research
organized crime
Scotland
Crime
qualitative research
typology
Organizations
organization
group membership
offender
occupation
offense
Occupations
present
market
interview
Economics
Interviews
Group
Gangs

Keywords

  • Robbery
  • Gangs
  • Violence
  • Street capital

Cite this

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A typology of street robbery and gang organisation : insights from qualitative research in Scotland. / Harding, Simon; Deuchar, Ross; Densley, James; McLean, Robert.

In: The British Journal of Criminology; An International Review of Crime and Society, Vol. 59, No. 4, 07.2019, p. 879-897.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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