A spotlight on the Egyptian honeybee (Apis mellifera lamarckii)

Hesham R. El-Seedi*, Aida A. Abd El-Wahed, Chao Zhao, Aamer Saeed, Xiaobo Zou, Zhiming Guo, Ahmed G. Hegazi, Awad A. Shehata, Haged H. R. El-Seedi, Ahmed F. Algethami, Yahya Alnaggar, Neveen F. Agamy, Mostafa E. Rateb, Mohamed F. A. Ramadan, Shaden A. M. Khalifa*, Kai Wang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
33 Downloads (Pure)


Egypt has an ongoing long history with beekeeping, which started with the ancient Egyptians making various reliefs and inscriptions of beekeeping on their tombs and temples. The Egyptian honeybee (Apis mellifera lamarckii) is an authentic Egyptian honeybee subspecies utilized in apiculture. A. m. lamarckii is a distinct honeybee subspecies that has a particular body color, size, and high levels of hygienic behavior. Additionally, it has distinctive characteristics; including the presence of the half-queens, an excessive number of swarm cells, high adaptability to climatic conditions, good resistance to specific bee diseases, including the Varro disorder, and continuous breeding during the whole year despite low productivity, using very little propolis, and tending to abscond readily. This review discusses the history of beekeeping in Egypt and its current situation in addition to its morphology, genetic analysis, and distinctive characters, and the defensive behaviors of native A. m. lamarckii subspecies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2749
Number of pages13
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2022


  • beekeeping
  • beehives
  • Egyptian honeybee (Apis mellifera lamarckii)
  • genetic analysis
  • defensive behaviors


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