A sphere fitting approach to determine the hip joint centre of the horse

Stephanie Valentin, Christian Peham, Rekeba Zsoldos, Theresia Licka

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Accurate identification of the hip joint centre (HJC) is crucial for the correct estimation of knee and hip joint loads and kinematics, which is particularly relevant in orthopaedic surgery and musculoskeletal modeling. Several methods have been described for calculation of the HJC in humans, however, no studies have used these methods in the horse despite a similar need for improved evaluation of hip joint biomechanics in rehabilitation and musculoskeletal modeling. This preliminary study uses the commonly used functional method (least-squares sphere fit) to determine the HJC in three equid cadavers. Bone pins with reflective markers attached were drilled into the tuber coxae (TC), tuber ischium (TI), tuber sacrale (TS), greater trochanter (GT), third trochanter (TT) and lateral femoral condyle (FC) of the uppermost limb of the cadavers positioned in lateral recumbency. Three repetitions of passive movements consisting of pro-and retraction, ab- and adduction and circumduction were performed. The HJC was calculated using a least-squares sphere fitting method and presented as a distance from the TC based on a percentage of the TC to TI vector magnitude. Mean (± standard deviation) of the HJC is located 52.4% (± 3.9) caudally, 0.2% (± 6.5) dorsally, and 19.8% (± 4.2) medially from the TC. This study is the first to quantify the HJC in horses in vitro using a functional method. Further work (in vitro, in vivo and imaging) is required to validate the findings of the present study.
Original languageEnglish
JournalComparative Exercise Physiology
Early online date16 Mar 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Mar 2017


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