A penny for your thoughts: athletes’ and trainee sport psychologists’ internal dialogue during consultations

David Tod, Hayley E. McEwan*, Amy E. Whitehead, Daryl Marchant

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the internal dialogue of trainee sport psychologists (TSPs) and athletes immediately following athlete–practitioner consultations. TSPs (four male and three female, age 22–32 years) and athletes (four male, three female, age 19–29 years) completed a thought-listing procedure twice, while watching video recordings of their previous consultations. The thought-listing procedure involved participants’ pausing the video to record the in-session internal dialogue they had experienced during the consultation. Participants’ responses were categorized into six dimensions: time, place, focus, locus, orientation, and mode. TSPs’ and athletes’ retrospective accounts provided evidence that their in-session internal dialogue was (a) present focused, (b) about in-session material, (c) about the athletes or themselves, (d) about internal and external events, (e) professional (i.e., related to the session), and (f) neutral. Findings provide trainees and inexperienced practitioners with insights into the thought content of TSPs and athletes to guide their own athlete interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-78
Number of pages9
JournalThe Sport Psychologist
Volume38
Issue number1
Early online date19 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jan 2024

Keywords

  • internal dialogue
  • thought-listing
  • applied sport psychology
  • cognition

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