A new taxonomy for post-activation potentiation in sport

Daniel Boullosa*, Marco Beato, Antonio Dello Iacono, Francisco Cuenca-Fernández, Kenji Doma, Moritz Schumann, Alessandro Moura Zagatto, Irineu Loturco, David Behm

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)
252 Downloads (Pure)


Post-activation potentiation (PAP) mechanisms and responses have a long scientific history. However,to this day, there is still controversy regarding the mechanisms underlying enhanced performance following a conditioning activity. More recently, the term post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) has been proposed with differing associated mechanisms and protocols than with PAP. However, these two terms (PAP and PAPE) may not adequately describe all specific potentiation responses and mechanisms and can be also complementary in some cases. Purpose: this commentary presents and discuss the similarities and differences between PAP and PAPE, and subsequently elaborates on a new taxonomy for better describing performance potentiation in sport settings. Conclusion: the taxonomy elaborated proposes the formula "Post-[CONDITIONING ACTIVITY] [VERIFICATION TEST] potentiation in [POPULATION]". This taxonomy would avoid erroneous identification of isolated physiological attributes and provide individualization and better applicability of conditioning protocols in sport settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1197-1200
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Issue number8
Early online date20 Aug 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Aug 2020


  • post-activation performance enhancement
  • post-activation potentiation
  • post-tetanic potentiation
  • power
  • strength


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