A high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program improves bone mineral density and functional fitness in postmenopausal women

Antonio Michel Aboarrage Junior, Caue La Escala Teixeira, Rodrigo Nolasco dos Santos, Alexandre Fernandes Machado, Alexandre Lopes Evangelista, Roberta Luksevicius Rica, Angelica Castilho Alonso, José Ailton Barroso, Andrey Jorge Serra, Julien Baker, Danilo Sales Bocalini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program (HIIAE) on bone mass and functional fitness of postmenopausal women. Methods: We randomly assigned 20 women (65 ± 7 years) into two groups: Training (T, n=12) and Untrained (Un, n=8). Only the T group was submitted to 24 weeks of a HIIAE program, where each session lasted for 30 minutes. The following parameters were assessed before and 6 months following the intervention: bone and physical fitness; lumbar spine (LS) , total femur (TF) and whole body (WB) bone mineral density (BMD); as well as agility (Timed up-and-go, TUG), and leg strength (chair stand test, CS) Results: We observed a significant increase (p<0,01) in LS, (Un: -0.88 ± 3.55, T: 3.71 ± 3.68; %), TF (Un: -1.38 ± 17.76, T: 6.52 ± 2.71; %) and WB (Un: 2.09 ± 3.17, T: 3.23 ± 4.18) BMD in the T group. Regarding functional fitness, the T group showed improvements in both TUG (before: 6.86 ± 1.24 versus after: 6.22 ± 1.13 seconds, p< 0.05) and CS (before: 16 ± 4 versus after: 19 ± 5 repetitions, p> 0.05) tests when compared to the U group’s TUG (Before: 5 ± 1, after: 6 ± 1 seconds; p< 0.05) and CS (Before: 20 ± 2, After: 19 ± 2 repetitions; p> 0.05) scores. Conclusion: Our data suggest that a high-intensity, jump-based interval aquatic exercise program is able to improve bone mineral density and functional fitness parameters in postmenopausal women.
LanguageEnglish
JournalRejuvenation Research
Early online date11 Jun 2018
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 11 Jun 2018

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Bone Density
Exercise
Femur
Spine
Bone and Bones
Physical Fitness
Leg

Cite this

Aboarrage Junior, A. M., Teixeira, C. L. E., Nolasco dos Santos, R., Machado, A. F., Evangelista, A. L., Rica, R. L., ... Bocalini, D. S. (2018). A high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program improves bone mineral density and functional fitness in postmenopausal women. Rejuvenation Research. DOI: 10.1089/rej.2018.2069
Aboarrage Junior, Antonio Michel ; Teixeira, Caue La Escala ; Nolasco dos Santos, Rodrigo ; Machado, Alexandre Fernandes ; Evangelista, Alexandre Lopes ; Rica, Roberta Luksevicius ; Castilho Alonso, Angelica ; Barroso, José Ailton ; Serra, Andrey Jorge ; Baker, Julien ; Bocalini, Danilo Sales. / A high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program improves bone mineral density and functional fitness in postmenopausal women. In: Rejuvenation Research. 2018
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title = "A high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program improves bone mineral density and functional fitness in postmenopausal women",
abstract = "The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program (HIIAE) on bone mass and functional fitness of postmenopausal women. Methods: We randomly assigned 20 women (65 ± 7 years) into two groups: Training (T, n=12) and Untrained (Un, n=8). Only the T group was submitted to 24 weeks of a HIIAE program, where each session lasted for 30 minutes. The following parameters were assessed before and 6 months following the intervention: bone and physical fitness; lumbar spine (LS) , total femur (TF) and whole body (WB) bone mineral density (BMD); as well as agility (Timed up-and-go, TUG), and leg strength (chair stand test, CS) Results: We observed a significant increase (p<0,01) in LS, (Un: -0.88 ± 3.55, T: 3.71 ± 3.68; \{%}), TF (Un: -1.38 ± 17.76, T: 6.52 ± 2.71; \{%}) and WB (Un: 2.09 ± 3.17, T: 3.23 ± 4.18) BMD in the T group. Regarding functional fitness, the T group showed improvements in both TUG (before: 6.86 ± 1.24 versus after: 6.22 ± 1.13 seconds, p< 0.05) and CS (before: 16 ± 4 versus after: 19 ± 5 repetitions, p> 0.05) tests when compared to the U group’s TUG (Before: 5 ± 1, after: 6 ± 1 seconds; p< 0.05) and CS (Before: 20 ± 2, After: 19 ± 2 repetitions; p> 0.05) scores. Conclusion: Our data suggest that a high-intensity, jump-based interval aquatic exercise program is able to improve bone mineral density and functional fitness parameters in postmenopausal women.",
author = "{Aboarrage Junior}, {Antonio Michel} and Teixeira, {Caue La Escala} and {Nolasco dos Santos}, Rodrigo and Machado, {Alexandre Fernandes} and Evangelista, {Alexandre Lopes} and Rica, {Roberta Luksevicius} and {Castilho Alonso}, Angelica and Barroso, {Jos\{'e} Ailton} and Serra, {Andrey Jorge} and Julien Baker and Bocalini, {Danilo Sales}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "11",
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Aboarrage Junior, AM, Teixeira, CLE, Nolasco dos Santos, R, Machado, AF, Evangelista, AL, Rica, RL, Castilho Alonso, A, Barroso, JA, Serra, AJ, Baker, J & Bocalini, DS 2018, 'A high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program improves bone mineral density and functional fitness in postmenopausal women' Rejuvenation Research. DOI: 10.1089/rej.2018.2069

A high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program improves bone mineral density and functional fitness in postmenopausal women. / Aboarrage Junior, Antonio Michel ; Teixeira, Caue La Escala ; Nolasco dos Santos, Rodrigo ; Machado, Alexandre Fernandes ; Evangelista, Alexandre Lopes; Rica, Roberta Luksevicius; Castilho Alonso, Angelica; Barroso, José Ailton ; Serra, Andrey Jorge; Baker, Julien; Bocalini, Danilo Sales.

In: Rejuvenation Research, 11.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program improves bone mineral density and functional fitness in postmenopausal women

AU - Aboarrage Junior,Antonio Michel

AU - Teixeira,Caue La Escala

AU - Nolasco dos Santos,Rodrigo

AU - Machado,Alexandre Fernandes

AU - Evangelista,Alexandre Lopes

AU - Rica,Roberta Luksevicius

AU - Castilho Alonso,Angelica

AU - Barroso,José Ailton

AU - Serra,Andrey Jorge

AU - Baker,Julien

AU - Bocalini,Danilo Sales

PY - 2018/6/11

Y1 - 2018/6/11

N2 - The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program (HIIAE) on bone mass and functional fitness of postmenopausal women. Methods: We randomly assigned 20 women (65 ± 7 years) into two groups: Training (T, n=12) and Untrained (Un, n=8). Only the T group was submitted to 24 weeks of a HIIAE program, where each session lasted for 30 minutes. The following parameters were assessed before and 6 months following the intervention: bone and physical fitness; lumbar spine (LS) , total femur (TF) and whole body (WB) bone mineral density (BMD); as well as agility (Timed up-and-go, TUG), and leg strength (chair stand test, CS) Results: We observed a significant increase (p<0,01) in LS, (Un: -0.88 ± 3.55, T: 3.71 ± 3.68; %), TF (Un: -1.38 ± 17.76, T: 6.52 ± 2.71; %) and WB (Un: 2.09 ± 3.17, T: 3.23 ± 4.18) BMD in the T group. Regarding functional fitness, the T group showed improvements in both TUG (before: 6.86 ± 1.24 versus after: 6.22 ± 1.13 seconds, p< 0.05) and CS (before: 16 ± 4 versus after: 19 ± 5 repetitions, p> 0.05) tests when compared to the U group’s TUG (Before: 5 ± 1, after: 6 ± 1 seconds; p< 0.05) and CS (Before: 20 ± 2, After: 19 ± 2 repetitions; p> 0.05) scores. Conclusion: Our data suggest that a high-intensity, jump-based interval aquatic exercise program is able to improve bone mineral density and functional fitness parameters in postmenopausal women.

AB - The aim of this study was to verify the effects of a high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program (HIIAE) on bone mass and functional fitness of postmenopausal women. Methods: We randomly assigned 20 women (65 ± 7 years) into two groups: Training (T, n=12) and Untrained (Un, n=8). Only the T group was submitted to 24 weeks of a HIIAE program, where each session lasted for 30 minutes. The following parameters were assessed before and 6 months following the intervention: bone and physical fitness; lumbar spine (LS) , total femur (TF) and whole body (WB) bone mineral density (BMD); as well as agility (Timed up-and-go, TUG), and leg strength (chair stand test, CS) Results: We observed a significant increase (p<0,01) in LS, (Un: -0.88 ± 3.55, T: 3.71 ± 3.68; %), TF (Un: -1.38 ± 17.76, T: 6.52 ± 2.71; %) and WB (Un: 2.09 ± 3.17, T: 3.23 ± 4.18) BMD in the T group. Regarding functional fitness, the T group showed improvements in both TUG (before: 6.86 ± 1.24 versus after: 6.22 ± 1.13 seconds, p< 0.05) and CS (before: 16 ± 4 versus after: 19 ± 5 repetitions, p> 0.05) tests when compared to the U group’s TUG (Before: 5 ± 1, after: 6 ± 1 seconds; p< 0.05) and CS (Before: 20 ± 2, After: 19 ± 2 repetitions; p> 0.05) scores. Conclusion: Our data suggest that a high-intensity, jump-based interval aquatic exercise program is able to improve bone mineral density and functional fitness parameters in postmenopausal women.

U2 - 10.1089/rej.2018.2069

DO - 10.1089/rej.2018.2069

M3 - Article

JO - Rejuvenation Research

T2 - Rejuvenation Research

JF - Rejuvenation Research

SN - 1549-1684

ER -

Aboarrage Junior AM, Teixeira CLE, Nolasco dos Santos R, Machado AF, Evangelista AL, Rica RL et al. A high-intensity jump-based aquatic exercise program improves bone mineral density and functional fitness in postmenopausal women. Rejuvenation Research. 2018 Jun 11. Available from, DOI: 10.1089/rej.2018.2069