A comparative biomechanical analysis of the performance level on chasse step in table tennis

Changxiao Yu, Shirui Shao, Julien S. Baker, Jan Awrejcewicz, Yaodong Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Initial observations have indicated that each movement pattern or skill set has a fundamental mechanical structure. The purpose of this study was to examine biomechanical characteristics in chasse step movement patterns between professional athletes (PA) and beginner players (BP). Large amounts of data were obtained for comparison by capturing kinematic and kinetic information of the dominant foot using the Oxford Foot Model (OFM) during table tennis strokes. Nine male PA and nine BP (all with dominant right feet) participated in a table tennis footwork test. A Vicon motion analysis system and a Novel Pedar insole plantar pressure measurement system were used to record kinematic and kinetic data, respectively. Findings from the study indicated that PA not only showed significantly larger forefoot and rear-foot dorsiflexion, but also demonstrated larger hallux plantarflexion. In addition, they also showed significantly larger forefoot abduction and rear-foot internal rotation than BP at the chasse step end. Also, PA showed significantly larger forefoot inversion and abduction at the forward-end of the step. Peak pressure values were higher under the lateral forefoot, and the medial and lateral rear-foot with faster changes in angular velocity recorded for PA during the chasse step phase. Greater peak pressures were also recorded under the other toes, and in the central and lateral forefoot during the forward swing phase when compared to BP. In addition, PA showed significantly greater relative load on the other toes and on the lateral forefoot during the entire step motion. The results of the present study demonstrated that PA possessed greater foot drive technique. These findings might help coaches and beginners to comprehend the internal mechanisms of the chasse step technique and help influence beginner players to improve the mechanical efficiency of performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Science and Coaching
Early online date16 Apr 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Apr 2019

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athlete
performance
abduction
systems analysis
coach
stroke
efficiency
Values

Keywords

  • Oxford Foot Model
  • footwork
  • internal mechanisms
  • lower limb drive

Cite this

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title = "A comparative biomechanical analysis of the performance level on chasse step in table tennis",
abstract = "Initial observations have indicated that each movement pattern or skill set has a fundamental mechanical structure. The purpose of this study was to examine biomechanical characteristics in chasse step movement patterns between professional athletes (PA) and beginner players (BP). Large amounts of data were obtained for comparison by capturing kinematic and kinetic information of the dominant foot using the Oxford Foot Model (OFM) during table tennis strokes. Nine male PA and nine BP (all with dominant right feet) participated in a table tennis footwork test. A Vicon motion analysis system and a Novel Pedar insole plantar pressure measurement system were used to record kinematic and kinetic data, respectively. Findings from the study indicated that PA not only showed significantly larger forefoot and rear-foot dorsiflexion, but also demonstrated larger hallux plantarflexion. In addition, they also showed significantly larger forefoot abduction and rear-foot internal rotation than BP at the chasse step end. Also, PA showed significantly larger forefoot inversion and abduction at the forward-end of the step. Peak pressure values were higher under the lateral forefoot, and the medial and lateral rear-foot with faster changes in angular velocity recorded for PA during the chasse step phase. Greater peak pressures were also recorded under the other toes, and in the central and lateral forefoot during the forward swing phase when compared to BP. In addition, PA showed significantly greater relative load on the other toes and on the lateral forefoot during the entire step motion. The results of the present study demonstrated that PA possessed greater foot drive technique. These findings might help coaches and beginners to comprehend the internal mechanisms of the chasse step technique and help influence beginner players to improve the mechanical efficiency of performance.",
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A comparative biomechanical analysis of the performance level on chasse step in table tennis. / Yu, Changxiao; Shao, Shirui; Baker, Julien S.; Awrejcewicz, Jan; Gu, Yaodong.

In: International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching, 16.04.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Shao, Shirui

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AU - Gu, Yaodong

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