A burst and congestion-aware routing metric for RPL protocol in IoT network

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Abstract

The packet loss and power consumption are the main issues considered once congestion occurs in any network, such as the Internet of Things (IoT) with a huge number of sensors and applications. Since IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks (RPL) is not initially designed for high stream traffic load, this restricts the application domain of RPL in several IoT scenarios such as burst traffic scenarios. The performance of RPL suffers in a network with burst traffic load, which leads to reducing the lifetime of the network and causing traffic congestion among the neighbour nodes. Therefore, to address this issue, we proposed a Burst and Congestion-Aware Metric for RPL called BCA-RPL, which calculates the rank, considering the number of packets. Also, the proposed mechanism includes congestion avoiding and load balancing techniques by switching the best parent selection to avoid the congested area. Our scheme is built and compared to the original RPL routing protocol for low power and lossy network with OF0 (OF0-RPL). Simulation results based on Cooja simulator shows BCA-RPL performs better than the original RPL-OF0 routing protocol in terms of packet loss, power consumption and packet delivery ratio (PDR) under burst traffic load. The BCA-RPL significantly improves the network where it decreases the packet loss around 50% and power consumption to an acceptable level with an improvement on the PDR of the IoT network.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2019 13th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management and Applications (SKIMA)
PublisherIEEE
ISBN (Electronic)9781728127415, 9781728127408
ISBN (Print)9781728127422
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2020
Event13th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management and Applications - Ulkulhas, Maldives
Duration: 26 Aug 201928 Aug 2019
http://skimanetwork.info/

Publication series

NameIEEE Proceedings
PublisherIEEE
ISSN (Print)2373-082X
ISSN (Electronic)2573-3214

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management and Applications
Abbreviated titleSKIMA 2019
CountryMaldives
CityUlkulhas
Period26/08/1928/08/19
Internet address

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Keywords

  • Internet-of-things
  • RPL
  • Routing
  • Objective function
  • Packet Loss
  • Load balancing
  • Congestion avoiding

Cite this

Altwassi, H. S., Pervez, Z., & Dahal, K. (2020). A burst and congestion-aware routing metric for RPL protocol in IoT network. In Proceedings of the 2019 13th International Conference on Software, Knowledge, Information Management and Applications (SKIMA) (IEEE Proceedings). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/SKIMA47702.2019.8982460