5G Innovations for New Business Opportunities

Salah Eddine El Ayoubi (Editor), Jean Sébastien Bedo, Salah Eddine El Ayoubi, Miltiadis Filippou, Anastasius Gavras, Domenico Giustiniano, Paola Iovanna, Antonio Manzalini, Olav Queseth, Theodoros Rokkas, Mike Surridge, Terje Tjelta, George Agapiou (Contributor), Ricardo Marco Alaez (Contributor), Jose Alcaraz-Calero (Contributor), Maria Barros Weiss (Contributor), Pascal Bisson (Contributor), Nicola Blefari Melazzi (Contributor), José Bonnet (Contributor), Michael Bredel (Contributor) & 47 others Ömer Bulakci, Carolina Canales, Sonia Castro Carrillo, Fabio Cavaliere, Tao Chen, Enrique Chirivella-Perez, Nicolas Chuberre, Alessandro Colazzo, Luis Miguel Contreras Murillo, Giovanna D'Aria, Thomas Deiss, Panagiotis Demestichas, Marco Di Girolamo, Mark Doll, Manos Dramitinos, Simon Fletcher, Vassilis Foteinos, Alexander Geurtz, Marco Gramaglia, Jesus Gutierrez Terran, Frederic Kermel, Michael Kraemer, Vivek Kulkarni, Orestis Liakopoulos, Hakon Lonsethagen, Diego R. Lopez, Jian Luo, Aarne Mämmelä, Patrick Marsch, Josep Martrat, Francesco Mauro, Ioannis Neokosmidis, Navid Nikaein, Miquel Payaró, Rauno Ruismaki, Dario Sabella, Mehrdad Shariat, Martin Schubert, Christoph Thuemmier, Fabio Ubaldi, Panagiotis Vlacheas, Sark Vladica, Thomas Walter, Qi Wang, Yue Wang, Jean-Philippe Wary, Mick Wilson

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Abstract

5G is the next generation mobile network that enables
innovation and supports progressive change across all
vertical industries and across our society. Through its
Radio Access Network (RAN) design and its orchestrated
end-to-end architecture, it has the potential to boost innovation and generate economic growth in the European economy. The 5G service models support agility and dynamicity, thereby impacting the
granularity, duration and trustworthiness of business
relationships. The ability to combine private and public
networks and data centres across multiple domains in
a secure and controlled way facilitates collaborative
business processes. It reshapes the digital business
ecosystem with new value chains linking stakeholders
from the telecommunications world and the vertical
industries in win-win situations. New stakeholders
emerge in this evolved ecosystem, for example cloud
companies and software houses that profit from the
cloudification and virtualization of the infrastructure,
and brokers that facilitate sharing of spectrum and
trading of connectivity and processing resources. Small
and medium-sized enterprises and start-ups are able to embed 5G in their innovative products and services for existing and new customers and markets, leveraging on the Anything as a Service (XaaS) model.

These opportunities are conditioned by the ability of 5G
architecture and technologies to deliver the performance levels required for vertical industry stakeholders to engage in the 5G digital business ecosystem. This white paper highlights the technological innovations of the first phase of the 5G
Public Private Partnership (5G PPP) and how they contribute to the key performance targets for the 5G service classes: enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications (URLLC), and massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC). The performance levels ensure an unprecedented experience for end users including high data rates, reduced end-to-end latency, massive connectivity,
ultra-reliability and support for very high mobility. The 5G PPP innovations go far beyond what is announced for early 5G deployments. For eMBB service, the integration of mm-wave and frequencies below 6 GHz, along with ultra-dense networks and nomadic nodes, ensure the targeted performance levels with ubiquitous coverage and in high mobility scenarios, in contrast with standalone deployments of mm-wave networks,
suitable for fixed usage. The innovations related to the
transport network allow also translating the peak throughputs available at the air interface into perceived user experience at affordable deployment cost for operators. In addition to this, the envisioned 5G air interface serves simultaneously all service classes (eMBB, mMTC and URLLC) in a cost effective way, paving the way for new business opportunities with and
for verticals.

The 5G concept developed in this paper is not limited to the RAN; it covers the end-to-end path and allows the 5G network to act as a secure, reliable and flexible orchestration platform across multiple domains. The 5G PPP innovations converge towards the vision of 5G as a holistic orchestration platform that integrates networking, computing and storage resources into one programmable and unified infrastructure. The 5G
PPP innovations on multi-domain orchestration enable quick end-to-end service deployment and dynamic sharing of networking and processing resources among stakeholders. The 5G security architecture is built on a baseline trust model as a fundamental feature, and provides tools to analyse trust and make it explicit in specific scenarios. The 5G architecture ensures resilience of the network against attacks and its
availability during failure incidents. Availability and reliability are achieved by mechanisms such as error recovery, fault detection and fault resolution. These security, reliability and flexibility properties, along with the multi-service air interface, ensure that the 5G network is not just an enhanced air interface as for pre-5G early deployments, announced for the period 2018-2020, but also an open platform for new business
opportunities.

The architecture and protocols are designed to adapt to a wide range of deployment scenarios including deep indoor, hot spots, urban areas, rural areas, maritime areas and in an aeronautical context. The 5G concept combines various access technologies, such as cellular, wireless, satellite and wireline, for delivering reliable performance for critical communications and improve area coverage.

Standardization and spectrum regulation are critical
elements for avoiding fragmentation of future deployments and increasing efficiency by eliminating redundant options. Spectrum regulation must ensure the early availability of a limited number of frequency bands, which eases the development of the necessary equipment and facilitates faster preparation of tests and trials. As of standardization, 5G PPP projects contribute to 5G standards development by building
consensus among European industry, leading to individual and concerted actions towards standardization bodies. In contrast to early announcements of 5G deployments, the 5G results are aligned with the standardization trends in 3GPP,
ensuring a global impact of European 5G innovations.

Once the first 5G standards are released and the frequency bands are available, deployments of 5G networks will start, adopting cost efficient upgrade paths building on existing 4G infrastructure. Networking and processing resource sharing
strategies between stakeholders can be implemented for delivering the performance targets, e.g. for URLLC use cases, at an affordable cost. This resource sharing/integration is enabled by the multi-domain orchestration advocated by 5G PPP projects and aim at achieving win-win situations for all the stakeholders involved in the 5G service. Regulation must
facilitate such flexibility in infrastructure sharing in order to foster the development of the 5G digital business ecosystem.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherEuropean Commission
Commissioning bodyEuropean Commission
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Innovation
Standardization
Communication
Industry
Ecosystems
Air
Frequency bands
Costs
Processing
Availability
Fault detection
Telecommunication
Wireless networks
Profitability
Throughput
Satellites
Economics

Cite this

El Ayoubi, S. E. (Ed.), Bedo, J. S., El Ayoubi, S. E., Filippou, M., Gavras, A., Giustiniano, D., ... Wilson, M. (2017). 5G Innovations for New Business Opportunities. European Commission.
El Ayoubi, Salah Eddine (Editor) ; Bedo, Jean Sébastien ; El Ayoubi, Salah Eddine ; Filippou, Miltiadis ; Gavras, Anastasius ; Giustiniano, Domenico ; Iovanna, Paola ; Manzalini, Antonio ; Queseth, Olav ; Rokkas, Theodoros ; Surridge, Mike ; Tjelta, Terje ; Agapiou, George ; Marco Alaez, Ricardo ; Alcaraz-Calero, Jose ; Weiss, Maria Barros ; Bisson, Pascal ; Melazzi, Nicola Blefari ; Bonnet, José ; Bredel, Michael ; Bulakci, Ömer ; Canales, Carolina ; Carrillo, Sonia Castro ; Cavaliere, Fabio ; Chen, Tao ; Chirivella-Perez, Enrique ; Chuberre, Nicolas ; Colazzo, Alessandro ; Murillo, Luis Miguel Contreras ; D'Aria, Giovanna ; Deiss, Thomas ; Demestichas, Panagiotis ; Di Girolamo, Marco ; Doll, Mark ; Dramitinos, Manos ; Fletcher, Simon ; Foteinos, Vassilis ; Geurtz, Alexander ; Gramaglia, Marco ; Terran, Jesus Gutierrez ; Kermel, Frederic ; Kraemer, Michael ; Kulkarni, Vivek ; Liakopoulos, Orestis ; Lonsethagen, Hakon ; Lopez, Diego R. ; Luo, Jian ; Mämmelä, Aarne ; Marsch, Patrick ; Martrat, Josep ; Mauro, Francesco ; Neokosmidis, Ioannis ; Nikaein, Navid ; Payaró, Miquel ; Ruismaki, Rauno ; Sabella, Dario ; Shariat, Mehrdad ; Schubert, Martin ; Thuemmier, Christoph ; Ubaldi, Fabio ; Vlacheas, Panagiotis ; Vladica, Sark ; Walter, Thomas ; Wang, Qi ; Wang, Yue ; Wary, Jean-Philippe ; Wilson, Mick. / 5G Innovations for New Business Opportunities. European Commission, 2017. 17 p.
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abstract = "5G is the next generation mobile network that enablesinnovation and supports progressive change across allvertical industries and across our society. Through itsRadio Access Network (RAN) design and its orchestratedend-to-end architecture, it has the potential to boost innovation and generate economic growth in the European economy. The 5G service models support agility and dynamicity, thereby impacting thegranularity, duration and trustworthiness of businessrelationships. The ability to combine private and publicnetworks and data centres across multiple domains ina secure and controlled way facilitates collaborativebusiness processes. It reshapes the digital businessecosystem with new value chains linking stakeholdersfrom the telecommunications world and the verticalindustries in win-win situations. New stakeholdersemerge in this evolved ecosystem, for example cloudcompanies and software houses that profit from thecloudification and virtualization of the infrastructure,and brokers that facilitate sharing of spectrum andtrading of connectivity and processing resources. Smalland medium-sized enterprises and start-ups are able to embed 5G in their innovative products and services for existing and new customers and markets, leveraging on the Anything as a Service (XaaS) model.These opportunities are conditioned by the ability of 5Garchitecture and technologies to deliver the performance levels required for vertical industry stakeholders to engage in the 5G digital business ecosystem. This white paper highlights the technological innovations of the first phase of the 5GPublic Private Partnership (5G PPP) and how they contribute to the key performance targets for the 5G service classes: enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications (URLLC), and massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC). The performance levels ensure an unprecedented experience for end users including high data rates, reduced end-to-end latency, massive connectivity,ultra-reliability and support for very high mobility. The 5G PPP innovations go far beyond what is announced for early 5G deployments. For eMBB service, the integration of mm-wave and frequencies below 6 GHz, along with ultra-dense networks and nomadic nodes, ensure the targeted performance levels with ubiquitous coverage and in high mobility scenarios, in contrast with standalone deployments of mm-wave networks,suitable for fixed usage. The innovations related to thetransport network allow also translating the peak throughputs available at the air interface into perceived user experience at affordable deployment cost for operators. In addition to this, the envisioned 5G air interface serves simultaneously all service classes (eMBB, mMTC and URLLC) in a cost effective way, paving the way for new business opportunities with andfor verticals.The 5G concept developed in this paper is not limited to the RAN; it covers the end-to-end path and allows the 5G network to act as a secure, reliable and flexible orchestration platform across multiple domains. The 5G PPP innovations converge towards the vision of 5G as a holistic orchestration platform that integrates networking, computing and storage resources into one programmable and unified infrastructure. The 5GPPP innovations on multi-domain orchestration enable quick end-to-end service deployment and dynamic sharing of networking and processing resources among stakeholders. The 5G security architecture is built on a baseline trust model as a fundamental feature, and provides tools to analyse trust and make it explicit in specific scenarios. The 5G architecture ensures resilience of the network against attacks and itsavailability during failure incidents. Availability and reliability are achieved by mechanisms such as error recovery, fault detection and fault resolution. These security, reliability and flexibility properties, along with the multi-service air interface, ensure that the 5G network is not just an enhanced air interface as for pre-5G early deployments, announced for the period 2018-2020, but also an open platform for new businessopportunities. The architecture and protocols are designed to adapt to a wide range of deployment scenarios including deep indoor, hot spots, urban areas, rural areas, maritime areas and in an aeronautical context. The 5G concept combines various access technologies, such as cellular, wireless, satellite and wireline, for delivering reliable performance for critical communications and improve area coverage.Standardization and spectrum regulation are criticalelements for avoiding fragmentation of future deployments and increasing efficiency by eliminating redundant options. Spectrum regulation must ensure the early availability of a limited number of frequency bands, which eases the development of the necessary equipment and facilitates faster preparation of tests and trials. As of standardization, 5G PPP projects contribute to 5G standards development by buildingconsensus among European industry, leading to individual and concerted actions towards standardization bodies. In contrast to early announcements of 5G deployments, the 5G results are aligned with the standardization trends in 3GPP,ensuring a global impact of European 5G innovations.Once the first 5G standards are released and the frequency bands are available, deployments of 5G networks will start, adopting cost efficient upgrade paths building on existing 4G infrastructure. Networking and processing resource sharingstrategies between stakeholders can be implemented for delivering the performance targets, e.g. for URLLC use cases, at an affordable cost. This resource sharing/integration is enabled by the multi-domain orchestration advocated by 5G PPP projects and aim at achieving win-win situations for all the stakeholders involved in the 5G service. Regulation mustfacilitate such flexibility in infrastructure sharing in order to foster the development of the 5G digital business ecosystem.",
author = "Bedo, {Jean S{\'e}bastien} and {El Ayoubi}, {Salah Eddine} and Miltiadis Filippou and Anastasius Gavras and Domenico Giustiniano and Paola Iovanna and Antonio Manzalini and Olav Queseth and Theodoros Rokkas and Mike Surridge and Terje Tjelta and George Agapiou and {Marco Alaez}, Ricardo and Jose Alcaraz-Calero and Weiss, {Maria Barros} and Pascal Bisson and Melazzi, {Nicola Blefari} and Jos{\'e} Bonnet and Michael Bredel and {\"O}mer Bulakci and Carolina Canales and Carrillo, {Sonia Castro} and Fabio Cavaliere and Tao Chen and Enrique Chirivella-Perez and Nicolas Chuberre and Alessandro Colazzo and Murillo, {Luis Miguel Contreras} and Giovanna D'Aria and Thomas Deiss and Panagiotis Demestichas and {Di Girolamo}, Marco and Mark Doll and Manos Dramitinos and Simon Fletcher and Vassilis Foteinos and Alexander Geurtz and Marco Gramaglia and Terran, {Jesus Gutierrez} and Frederic Kermel and Michael Kraemer and Vivek Kulkarni and Orestis Liakopoulos and Hakon Lonsethagen and Lopez, {Diego R.} and Jian Luo and Aarne M{\"a}mmel{\"a} and Patrick Marsch and Josep Martrat and Francesco Mauro and Ioannis Neokosmidis and Navid Nikaein and Miquel Payar{\'o} and Rauno Ruismaki and Dario Sabella and Mehrdad Shariat and Martin Schubert and Christoph Thuemmier and Fabio Ubaldi and Panagiotis Vlacheas and Sark Vladica and Thomas Walter and Qi Wang and Yue Wang and Jean-Philippe Wary and Mick Wilson",
editor = "{El Ayoubi}, {Salah Eddine}",
year = "2017",
language = "English",
publisher = "European Commission",
address = "Belgium",

}

El Ayoubi, SE (ed.), Bedo, JS, El Ayoubi, SE, Filippou, M, Gavras, A, Giustiniano, D, Iovanna, P, Manzalini, A, Queseth, O, Rokkas, T, Surridge, M, Tjelta, T, Agapiou, G, Marco Alaez, R, Alcaraz-Calero, J, Weiss, MB, Bisson, P, Melazzi, NB, Bonnet, J, Bredel, M, Bulakci, Ö, Canales, C, Carrillo, SC, Cavaliere, F, Chen, T, Chirivella-Perez, E, Chuberre, N, Colazzo, A, Murillo, LMC, D'Aria, G, Deiss, T, Demestichas, P, Di Girolamo, M, Doll, M, Dramitinos, M, Fletcher, S, Foteinos, V, Geurtz, A, Gramaglia, M, Terran, JG, Kermel, F, Kraemer, M, Kulkarni, V, Liakopoulos, O, Lonsethagen, H, Lopez, DR, Luo, J, Mämmelä, A, Marsch, P, Martrat, J, Mauro, F, Neokosmidis, I, Nikaein, N, Payaró, M, Ruismaki, R, Sabella, D, Shariat, M, Schubert, M, Thuemmier, C, Ubaldi, F, Vlacheas, P, Vladica, S, Walter, T, Wang, Q, Wang, Y, Wary, J-P & Wilson, M 2017, 5G Innovations for New Business Opportunities. European Commission.

5G Innovations for New Business Opportunities. / El Ayoubi, Salah Eddine (Editor); Bedo, Jean Sébastien; El Ayoubi, Salah Eddine; Filippou, Miltiadis; Gavras, Anastasius; Giustiniano, Domenico; Iovanna, Paola; Manzalini, Antonio; Queseth, Olav; Rokkas, Theodoros; Surridge, Mike; Tjelta, Terje; Agapiou, George (Contributor); Marco Alaez, Ricardo (Contributor); Alcaraz-Calero, Jose (Contributor); Weiss, Maria Barros (Contributor); Bisson, Pascal (Contributor); Melazzi, Nicola Blefari (Contributor); Bonnet, José (Contributor); Bredel, Michael (Contributor); Bulakci, Ömer (Contributor); Canales, Carolina (Contributor); Carrillo, Sonia Castro (Contributor); Cavaliere, Fabio (Contributor); Chen, Tao (Contributor); Chirivella-Perez, Enrique (Contributor); Chuberre, Nicolas (Contributor); Colazzo, Alessandro (Contributor); Murillo, Luis Miguel Contreras (Contributor); D'Aria, Giovanna (Contributor); Deiss, Thomas (Contributor); Demestichas, Panagiotis (Contributor); Di Girolamo, Marco (Contributor); Doll, Mark (Contributor); Dramitinos, Manos (Contributor); Fletcher, Simon (Contributor); Foteinos, Vassilis (Contributor); Geurtz, Alexander (Contributor); Gramaglia, Marco (Contributor); Terran, Jesus Gutierrez (Contributor); Kermel, Frederic (Contributor); Kraemer, Michael (Contributor); Kulkarni, Vivek (Contributor); Liakopoulos, Orestis (Contributor); Lonsethagen, Hakon (Contributor); Lopez, Diego R. (Contributor); Luo, Jian (Contributor); Mämmelä, Aarne (Contributor); Marsch, Patrick (Contributor); Martrat, Josep (Contributor); Mauro, Francesco (Contributor); Neokosmidis, Ioannis (Contributor); Nikaein, Navid (Contributor); Payaró, Miquel (Contributor); Ruismaki, Rauno (Contributor); Sabella, Dario (Contributor); Shariat, Mehrdad (Contributor); Schubert, Martin (Contributor); Thuemmier, Christoph (Contributor); Ubaldi, Fabio (Contributor); Vlacheas, Panagiotis (Contributor); Vladica, Sark (Contributor); Walter, Thomas (Contributor); Wang, Qi (Contributor); Wang, Yue (Contributor); Wary, Jean-Philippe (Contributor); Wilson, Mick (Contributor).

European Commission, 2017. 17 p.

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

TY - BOOK

T1 - 5G Innovations for New Business Opportunities

AU - Bedo, Jean Sébastien

AU - El Ayoubi, Salah Eddine

AU - Filippou, Miltiadis

AU - Gavras, Anastasius

AU - Giustiniano, Domenico

AU - Iovanna, Paola

AU - Manzalini, Antonio

AU - Queseth, Olav

AU - Rokkas, Theodoros

AU - Surridge, Mike

AU - Tjelta, Terje

A2 - El Ayoubi, Salah Eddine

A2 - Agapiou, George

A2 - Marco Alaez, Ricardo

A2 - Alcaraz-Calero, Jose

A2 - Weiss, Maria Barros

A2 - Bisson, Pascal

A2 - Melazzi, Nicola Blefari

A2 - Bonnet, José

A2 - Bredel, Michael

A2 - Bulakci, Ömer

A2 - Canales, Carolina

A2 - Carrillo, Sonia Castro

A2 - Cavaliere, Fabio

A2 - Chen, Tao

A2 - Chirivella-Perez, Enrique

A2 - Chuberre, Nicolas

A2 - Colazzo, Alessandro

A2 - Murillo, Luis Miguel Contreras

A2 - D'Aria, Giovanna

A2 - Deiss, Thomas

A2 - Demestichas, Panagiotis

A2 - Di Girolamo, Marco

A2 - Doll, Mark

A2 - Dramitinos, Manos

A2 - Fletcher, Simon

A2 - Foteinos, Vassilis

A2 - Geurtz, Alexander

A2 - Gramaglia, Marco

A2 - Terran, Jesus Gutierrez

A2 - Kermel, Frederic

A2 - Kraemer, Michael

A2 - Kulkarni, Vivek

A2 - Liakopoulos, Orestis

A2 - Lonsethagen, Hakon

A2 - Lopez, Diego R.

A2 - Luo, Jian

A2 - Mämmelä, Aarne

A2 - Marsch, Patrick

A2 - Martrat, Josep

A2 - Mauro, Francesco

A2 - Neokosmidis, Ioannis

A2 - Nikaein, Navid

A2 - Payaró, Miquel

A2 - Ruismaki, Rauno

A2 - Sabella, Dario

A2 - Shariat, Mehrdad

A2 - Schubert, Martin

A2 - Thuemmier, Christoph

A2 - Ubaldi, Fabio

A2 - Vlacheas, Panagiotis

A2 - Vladica, Sark

A2 - Walter, Thomas

A2 - Wang, Qi

A2 - Wang, Yue

A2 - Wary, Jean-Philippe

A2 - Wilson, Mick

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - 5G is the next generation mobile network that enablesinnovation and supports progressive change across allvertical industries and across our society. Through itsRadio Access Network (RAN) design and its orchestratedend-to-end architecture, it has the potential to boost innovation and generate economic growth in the European economy. The 5G service models support agility and dynamicity, thereby impacting thegranularity, duration and trustworthiness of businessrelationships. The ability to combine private and publicnetworks and data centres across multiple domains ina secure and controlled way facilitates collaborativebusiness processes. It reshapes the digital businessecosystem with new value chains linking stakeholdersfrom the telecommunications world and the verticalindustries in win-win situations. New stakeholdersemerge in this evolved ecosystem, for example cloudcompanies and software houses that profit from thecloudification and virtualization of the infrastructure,and brokers that facilitate sharing of spectrum andtrading of connectivity and processing resources. Smalland medium-sized enterprises and start-ups are able to embed 5G in their innovative products and services for existing and new customers and markets, leveraging on the Anything as a Service (XaaS) model.These opportunities are conditioned by the ability of 5Garchitecture and technologies to deliver the performance levels required for vertical industry stakeholders to engage in the 5G digital business ecosystem. This white paper highlights the technological innovations of the first phase of the 5GPublic Private Partnership (5G PPP) and how they contribute to the key performance targets for the 5G service classes: enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications (URLLC), and massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC). The performance levels ensure an unprecedented experience for end users including high data rates, reduced end-to-end latency, massive connectivity,ultra-reliability and support for very high mobility. The 5G PPP innovations go far beyond what is announced for early 5G deployments. For eMBB service, the integration of mm-wave and frequencies below 6 GHz, along with ultra-dense networks and nomadic nodes, ensure the targeted performance levels with ubiquitous coverage and in high mobility scenarios, in contrast with standalone deployments of mm-wave networks,suitable for fixed usage. The innovations related to thetransport network allow also translating the peak throughputs available at the air interface into perceived user experience at affordable deployment cost for operators. In addition to this, the envisioned 5G air interface serves simultaneously all service classes (eMBB, mMTC and URLLC) in a cost effective way, paving the way for new business opportunities with andfor verticals.The 5G concept developed in this paper is not limited to the RAN; it covers the end-to-end path and allows the 5G network to act as a secure, reliable and flexible orchestration platform across multiple domains. The 5G PPP innovations converge towards the vision of 5G as a holistic orchestration platform that integrates networking, computing and storage resources into one programmable and unified infrastructure. The 5GPPP innovations on multi-domain orchestration enable quick end-to-end service deployment and dynamic sharing of networking and processing resources among stakeholders. The 5G security architecture is built on a baseline trust model as a fundamental feature, and provides tools to analyse trust and make it explicit in specific scenarios. The 5G architecture ensures resilience of the network against attacks and itsavailability during failure incidents. Availability and reliability are achieved by mechanisms such as error recovery, fault detection and fault resolution. These security, reliability and flexibility properties, along with the multi-service air interface, ensure that the 5G network is not just an enhanced air interface as for pre-5G early deployments, announced for the period 2018-2020, but also an open platform for new businessopportunities. The architecture and protocols are designed to adapt to a wide range of deployment scenarios including deep indoor, hot spots, urban areas, rural areas, maritime areas and in an aeronautical context. The 5G concept combines various access technologies, such as cellular, wireless, satellite and wireline, for delivering reliable performance for critical communications and improve area coverage.Standardization and spectrum regulation are criticalelements for avoiding fragmentation of future deployments and increasing efficiency by eliminating redundant options. Spectrum regulation must ensure the early availability of a limited number of frequency bands, which eases the development of the necessary equipment and facilitates faster preparation of tests and trials. As of standardization, 5G PPP projects contribute to 5G standards development by buildingconsensus among European industry, leading to individual and concerted actions towards standardization bodies. In contrast to early announcements of 5G deployments, the 5G results are aligned with the standardization trends in 3GPP,ensuring a global impact of European 5G innovations.Once the first 5G standards are released and the frequency bands are available, deployments of 5G networks will start, adopting cost efficient upgrade paths building on existing 4G infrastructure. Networking and processing resource sharingstrategies between stakeholders can be implemented for delivering the performance targets, e.g. for URLLC use cases, at an affordable cost. This resource sharing/integration is enabled by the multi-domain orchestration advocated by 5G PPP projects and aim at achieving win-win situations for all the stakeholders involved in the 5G service. Regulation mustfacilitate such flexibility in infrastructure sharing in order to foster the development of the 5G digital business ecosystem.

AB - 5G is the next generation mobile network that enablesinnovation and supports progressive change across allvertical industries and across our society. Through itsRadio Access Network (RAN) design and its orchestratedend-to-end architecture, it has the potential to boost innovation and generate economic growth in the European economy. The 5G service models support agility and dynamicity, thereby impacting thegranularity, duration and trustworthiness of businessrelationships. The ability to combine private and publicnetworks and data centres across multiple domains ina secure and controlled way facilitates collaborativebusiness processes. It reshapes the digital businessecosystem with new value chains linking stakeholdersfrom the telecommunications world and the verticalindustries in win-win situations. New stakeholdersemerge in this evolved ecosystem, for example cloudcompanies and software houses that profit from thecloudification and virtualization of the infrastructure,and brokers that facilitate sharing of spectrum andtrading of connectivity and processing resources. Smalland medium-sized enterprises and start-ups are able to embed 5G in their innovative products and services for existing and new customers and markets, leveraging on the Anything as a Service (XaaS) model.These opportunities are conditioned by the ability of 5Garchitecture and technologies to deliver the performance levels required for vertical industry stakeholders to engage in the 5G digital business ecosystem. This white paper highlights the technological innovations of the first phase of the 5GPublic Private Partnership (5G PPP) and how they contribute to the key performance targets for the 5G service classes: enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB), Ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communications (URLLC), and massive Machine Type Communications (mMTC). The performance levels ensure an unprecedented experience for end users including high data rates, reduced end-to-end latency, massive connectivity,ultra-reliability and support for very high mobility. The 5G PPP innovations go far beyond what is announced for early 5G deployments. For eMBB service, the integration of mm-wave and frequencies below 6 GHz, along with ultra-dense networks and nomadic nodes, ensure the targeted performance levels with ubiquitous coverage and in high mobility scenarios, in contrast with standalone deployments of mm-wave networks,suitable for fixed usage. The innovations related to thetransport network allow also translating the peak throughputs available at the air interface into perceived user experience at affordable deployment cost for operators. In addition to this, the envisioned 5G air interface serves simultaneously all service classes (eMBB, mMTC and URLLC) in a cost effective way, paving the way for new business opportunities with andfor verticals.The 5G concept developed in this paper is not limited to the RAN; it covers the end-to-end path and allows the 5G network to act as a secure, reliable and flexible orchestration platform across multiple domains. The 5G PPP innovations converge towards the vision of 5G as a holistic orchestration platform that integrates networking, computing and storage resources into one programmable and unified infrastructure. The 5GPPP innovations on multi-domain orchestration enable quick end-to-end service deployment and dynamic sharing of networking and processing resources among stakeholders. The 5G security architecture is built on a baseline trust model as a fundamental feature, and provides tools to analyse trust and make it explicit in specific scenarios. The 5G architecture ensures resilience of the network against attacks and itsavailability during failure incidents. Availability and reliability are achieved by mechanisms such as error recovery, fault detection and fault resolution. These security, reliability and flexibility properties, along with the multi-service air interface, ensure that the 5G network is not just an enhanced air interface as for pre-5G early deployments, announced for the period 2018-2020, but also an open platform for new businessopportunities. The architecture and protocols are designed to adapt to a wide range of deployment scenarios including deep indoor, hot spots, urban areas, rural areas, maritime areas and in an aeronautical context. The 5G concept combines various access technologies, such as cellular, wireless, satellite and wireline, for delivering reliable performance for critical communications and improve area coverage.Standardization and spectrum regulation are criticalelements for avoiding fragmentation of future deployments and increasing efficiency by eliminating redundant options. Spectrum regulation must ensure the early availability of a limited number of frequency bands, which eases the development of the necessary equipment and facilitates faster preparation of tests and trials. As of standardization, 5G PPP projects contribute to 5G standards development by buildingconsensus among European industry, leading to individual and concerted actions towards standardization bodies. In contrast to early announcements of 5G deployments, the 5G results are aligned with the standardization trends in 3GPP,ensuring a global impact of European 5G innovations.Once the first 5G standards are released and the frequency bands are available, deployments of 5G networks will start, adopting cost efficient upgrade paths building on existing 4G infrastructure. Networking and processing resource sharingstrategies between stakeholders can be implemented for delivering the performance targets, e.g. for URLLC use cases, at an affordable cost. This resource sharing/integration is enabled by the multi-domain orchestration advocated by 5G PPP projects and aim at achieving win-win situations for all the stakeholders involved in the 5G service. Regulation mustfacilitate such flexibility in infrastructure sharing in order to foster the development of the 5G digital business ecosystem.

M3 - Commissioned report

BT - 5G Innovations for New Business Opportunities

PB - European Commission

ER -

El Ayoubi SE, (ed.), Bedo JS, El Ayoubi SE, Filippou M, Gavras A, Giustiniano D et al. 5G Innovations for New Business Opportunities. European Commission, 2017. 17 p.